The Rise Of Dictatorial Regimes

Section 9.2

Main

The Rise Dictators

Democrats

1939

By 1939 only two remained democrats and the rest had adapted dictatorial regimes.

Fascism in Italy

The Creation

1919

Mussolini created a new political group.

Mussolini

1920

Mussolini established the first European Fascist movement in Italy

Rise of Fascism

Bands Are Formed

1920 - 1921

Mussolini started forming the black-shirted arms.

The Threats

1922

Mussolini threats to march on Rome if they were not given power.

The Fascist State

Catholic Church

1870

The Church recognized the Catholic Church ever since Italy was united.

The Regime

1929

Mussolini's regime recognized the sovereignty within a small area of Rome.

Organizations

1939

There was organizations created to promote the Fascist goals.

A New Era in the Soviet Union

The Sabotage

1920 - 1922

The peasants began to sabotage the communist program by hoarding food.

Industrial Output

1921

The industrial output had lowered to about 20%.

Lenin's New Economic Policy

Russia

1921

Lenin pulled Russia back from the abyss.

Power Struggles

1924

The power struggle among the members.

The Rise of Stalin

The Marking

1917

Stalinist era marked the beginning of an economic, social, and political revolution.

Eliminations

1929

stalin was able to eliminate any Bolsheviks from the revolutionary

Five Year Plans

Peasants

1930

10 million peasant households had been collectivized

Costs of Stalin's Programs

Peasants die

1932 - 9133

10 million peasants died in the famines of 1932 and 1933.

Eastern Europe

Parliamentary systems

1929

Parliamentary systems were known as the kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes.

Hitler and his Views

Hitler was born

April 20, 1889

On April 20, 1889 Hitler was born.

Nazi

1921

By the summer of 1921, Hitler had taken control of the party which by then had been renamed Nazi.

Uprising against govt.

November 1923

An overconfident Hitler staged an uprising against the government in Munich in November 9123.

Rise of Nazism

Party Organization

1929

By 1929, it had a national party organization.

Unemployment rises

1931 - 1932

Unemployment had risen dramatically, growing from 4.35 million in the 1931 to 6 million by the winter of 1932.

Crowning of Hitler

March 23, 1933

The crowning step of Hitler's "legal seizure" of power came on March 23, 1933, when a two-thirds vote of the Reichstag passed the Enabling Act.

Hindenburg dies

1934

When Hindenburg died in 1934, the office of president was abolished.

Economic Policies

Unemployment drops

1934

Unemployment dropped to 2.6 million in 1934.

Unemployment continues to drop

1937

By 1937 unemployment was lower than 500,000.