The Civil Rights Movement

The Civil Rights Movement

NACCP and CORE set up

1945

MIA is set up

5 December 1955

They planned and organised a bus boycott and organised lifts and carpools for the black people. 70% of the bus users were black which they hoped would make a significant difference. The boycott went on for 381 days.

The Supreme Court ruled segregation on the buses 'unconstitutional' as of 21 Dec

19 December 1956

The Southern Christian Leadership Conference is set up in opposition

1957

Peaceful Protest

King's home is bombed by opposition

1956

Martin Luther King jailed

1963

The Montgomery Bus Boycott

Rosa Parks is arrested for refusing to get up from a seat

1 December 1955

Rosa Parks trial

5 December 1955

Using the law

1896 Plessy v Ferguson ruled 'separate but equal'

1947

President Truman thought it was time to make sure civil rights law were enforced

1947

June 1951 - Brown v Topeka (school segregation)

1951

NACCP combined 4 cases in the Brown v Board of Ed

1951

Supreme Court ruled school segregation was unconstitutional

17 May 1954

But there was no actual deadline for when integration had to be done

School Officials tried to integrate Central High School, Arkansas

1957

NAACP had a plan for the Little Rock Nine that they would all go to school together, but Elizabeth Eckford came by herself due to a mix up. Orville Faubus meanwhile sent out the national guard to prevent blacks entering the school. Elizabeth was followed by a mob, turned away by the guards and had to go through the mob again. The same happened to the other 8 but they came together.

After this, there was worldwide publicity and Eisenhower had to intervene and made the Arkansas troops guard the nine

Faubus closed the school

1958

Central High was integrated

1960

2.3 % of black children were attending desegregated schools

1964

Integrating Little Rock

Sit-ins and freedom riders

The Greensburo four organised a sit in at Woolworths - SNCC set up

1960

Supreme Court passed a law to desegregate facilities in bus stations

1961

CORE and SNCC decided to test this out but lots were jailed and arrested

1961

At Anniston one of the buses were firebombed

1961

Opposition to the civil rights movement

White Citizens Council form and Klu Klux Klan take violent action

1954 - 1962

James Meredith was the first black student to go to the Uni of Mississippi

1962

There were large scale riots and they had to be put down by federal troops. He began school the next day with 15,000 troops to keep the peace