APW

Global

More than one region or entire world

Alexander the Great

336 bc

Early Silk Road

100 BCE - 850

Indian Ocean Maritime System

400 - 1200

Increased Indian Ocean trade

1200 - 1500

Mongols

1206 - 1502

Second Silk Road

1206 - 1400

Mongol Rise

1206

Portuguese voyages to Africa and India

1418 - 1498

Columbian Exchange

1492 - 1750

Columbus reaches Caribbean

1492

Portuguese control of Indian Ocean trade

1498 - 1600

Atlantic Slave Trade

1500 - 1886

Spanish American colonies

1535 - 1898

Expansion of American colonies

1550 - 1700

American colonial reforms and rebellion

1700 - 1800

Seven Years War

1754 - 1763

Industrial Revolution begins

1760

Indentured worker migrations

1834 - 1870

Growth of labor unions

1850 - 1900

Russian conquest of Central Asia

1865 - 1876

New Imperialism

1869 - 1914

Age of New Imperialism

1869

Railroads in Latin America

1870 - 1910

Berlin Conference

1884

U.S. becomes leading steel producer

1890

Spanish-American War

1898

World War I

1914 - 1919

Beginning of WWI

1914

Economic growth

1924 - 1929

Great Depression

1929 - 1935

World War II

1939 - 1945

Beginning of WWII

1939

Green Revolution

1940 - 1980

Cold War

1947 - 1991

NATO formed

1949

Warsaw Pact created

1955

Formation of OPEC

1960

Europe

Minoans on Crete

2000 BCE - 1450 BCe

Mycenae in Greece

1600 BCE - 1150 BCE

Greek dark age

1150 bc - 800 bc

Iron Metallurgy

1000 BCE

Celtic culture and spread

1000 BCE - 300 BCE

Phoenician naval expansion

900 BCE - 700 BCe

Carthage

814 Bc - 146 Bc

Greek city states and colonization

800 bc - 550 bc

Roman empire

507 Bc - 324

Xerxes' invasion of Greece

480 bc - 479 bc

Peloponnesian War

431 bc - 404 bc

Punic Wars

264 bc - 146 bc

Beginning of Roman Principiate

31 bc

Third Century crisis

235 - 284

Constantine

306 - 337

Byzantine Empire

600 - 1453

Early Medieval period

600 - 1000

Charlemagne

800

Western European revival

1000 - 1200

Reconquest of Iberia

1085 - 1501

Crusades

1095 - 1204

Urban Revival

1200 - 1500

Rise of Universities

1300 - 1500

Renaissance

1300 - 1600

Hundred Years War

1337 - 1453

Black Death

1347 - 1351

Centralized monarchies

1450 - 1600

Spain's golden century

1500 - 1600

Protestant Reformation begins

1519

Scientific Revolution begins

1540

Catholic Reformation begins

1545

Thirty Years War

1618 - 1648

Rise of Netherlands

1648 - 1678

The Enlightenment begins

1700

Industrial revolution

1760 - 1840

French Revolution

1789 - 1793

Reign of Terror

1793 - 1794

Napoleon

1799 - 1815

Congress of Vienna and Holy Alliance

1815

Revolutions of 1848

1848

Unification of Italy

1860 - 1870

Unification of Germany

1866 - 1871

Balfour Declaration

1917

Hitler

1933 - 1945

Holocaust

1942 - 1945

D-Day

June 6 1944

North America

Includes Caribbean

Olmecs

1200 BCE - 400 BCe

Teotihuacan

100 bc - 750 ce

Hopewell culture

100 - 400

Mayans

250 - 900

Anasazi culture

700 - 1300

Mississippian culture

800 - 1500

Aztecs

1325 - 1521

Cortes conquers Aztecs

1521

French colonies

1604 - 1804

Dutch colonies

1609 - 1954

English and French Caribbean colonies

1620 - 1640

Switch to sugar in Caribbean colonies

1650

British West Indies

1674 - 1983

American Revolution

1775 - 1783

Haitian Revolution

1789 - 1804

Mexican independence

1810 - 1821

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

Women's Rights Convention

1848

U.S. builds Panama Canal

1904 - 1914

Mexican Revolution

1911 - 1919

Pearl Harbor

December 7 1941

South America

Chavin

900 BCE - 250 BCE

Metallurgy in Andes

500 BCe

Moche

200 - 700

Incan Empire

1430 - 1532

Portuguese colonies

1500 - 1822

Pizarro conquers Incans

1532

Brazil gains independence

1822

Getulio Vargas coup

1930

Juan Peron revolt

1943

Africa

Old Kingdom Egypt

2575 BCE - 2134 BCE

Early Nubian kingdom

2300 BCE - 1100 BCe

Middle Kingdom Egypt

2040 BCE - 1640 BCe

New Kingdom Egypt

1532 BCE - 1070 BCE

Egyptian conquest of Nubia

1500 BCE - 1000 BCe

Nubian kings rule Egypt

712 BCE - 660 BCE

Bantu Migrations

500 bc - 1000 ce

Kingdom of Meroe

300 BCE - 350

Spread of camels

200 bc - 300 ce

Mali Empire

1230 - 1433

Great Zimbabwe

1250 - 1400

Mansa Musa's Pilgrimage

1324 - 1325

Songhai Empire

1340 - 1591

Britain takes Cape Colony

1795

Muhammad Ali

1805 - 1849

Sokoto Caliphate

1809 - 1903

Zulu kingdom

1818 - 1870

African National Congress founded

1912

African Decolonization

1952 - 1980

Eurasia

Middle East and Russia

Writing in Mesopotamia

3300 BCE

Sumerians

3000 BCE - 2350 BCE

Akkadian states

2350 BCE - 2330 BCE

Old Babylonian state

1900 BCE - 1600 BCE

Hittites

1700 BCE - 1200 BCE

Kassites

1500 BCE - 1150 BCe

Iron Metallurgy

1000 BCE

Jerusalem made Israelite capital

1000 BCE

Division of Israel into two kingdoms

920 BCe

Neo-Assyrian Empire

911 BCE - 612 BCE

Neo-Babylonian kingdom

626 BCE - 539 BCE

Persian empire

550 bc - 323 bc

Hellenistic period

323 bc - 30 bc

Parthian Empire

224 bc - 224 ce

Stirrup

100

Sasanid Empire

224 - 651

Prophet Muhammad

570 - 632

Umayyad Caliphate

661 - 750

Abbasid Caliphate

750 - 850

Fragmentation of Islamic empires

850 - 1050

Kievan Russia

980 - 1237

Golden Horde

1240 - 1502

Il-Khan

1256 - 1335

Ottoman Empire

1299 - 1923

Ibn Battuta

1304 - 1369

Ivan III

1462 - 1505

Rise of Muscovy

1478

Safavid Empire

1502 - 1722

Suleiman the Magnificent

1520 - 1566

Anatolian revoltes

1585 - 1650

Peter the Great

1689 - 1725

Catherine the Great

1762 - 1796

Ottoman reforms

1807 - 1853

Crimean War

1853 - 1856

Emancipation of Russian serfs

1861

Russian Revolutions

1917 - 1921

Formation of Israel

1947

South and Eastern Asia

Everything else in Asia and Oceania

Indus Valley Civlization

2600 BCE - 1900 BCE

Shang China

1750 BCE - 1045 BCE

Migrations to Southeast Asian islands

1600 bc

Migration of Indo-Europeans into India

1500 bc

Vedic Age India

1500 bc - 500 bc

Zhou China

1045 BCE - 221 BCE

Iron Metallurgy

600 BCE

Confucianism and Daoism

550 BCE - 400 BCE

Buddhism and Jainism

500 bc

Mauryan Empire

324 bc - 184 bc

Qin China

221 bc - 202 bc

Han China

202 bc - 220

Polynesian voyages

100 bc - 800 ce

Funan

50 ce - 560 ce

Gupta Empire

320 - 550

Sui unification of China

581 - 618

Srivijaya

600 - 1000

Tang Empire

618 - 907

Taika Japan

645 - 655

Koryo Korea

918

Song Empire

960 - 1279

Kamakura Shogunate

1192 - 1333

Genghis Khan

1206 - 1227

Delhi Sultanate

1206 - 1398

Marco Polo

1254 - 1324

Vietnamese centralization

1257 - 1500

Yuan Empire

1271 - 1368

Japanese centralization

1274 - 1500

Ming Empire

1368 - 1644

Jagadai Khanate

1370 - 1507

Yi Korea

1392 - 1500

Malacca

1400 - 1500

Zheng He voyages

1405 - 1433

Dutch seize Portuguese colonies

1500 - 1650

Mughal Empire

1526 - 1761

Akbar

1556 - 1605

Japanese invasion of Korea

1592 - 1603

Tokugawa Shogunate

1600 - 1868

Qing Empire

1644 - 1912

British Raj

1765 - 1947

British Australia

1788 - 1901

British New Zealand

1788 - 1853

Macartney Mission

1792

Indian universities

1828 - 1870

Opium War

1839 - 1842

Treaty of Nanking

1842

Taiping Rebellion

1850 - 1864

Matthew Perry visits Japan

1853

Sepoy Rebellion

1857 - 1858

Meiji Restoration

1868 - 1912

Sino-Japanese War

1894

Russo-Japanese War

1904 - 1905

Sun Yat-sen overthrows Qing

1911

Guomindang expels communists

1927

Chinese Civil War

1945 - 1949

Partition of India and Pakistan

1947

Korean War

1950 - 1953

Vietnam War

1955 - 1975