A Mongol clan leader named Temujin sought to unify the Mongols under his leadership. He fought and defeated his rivals one by one.
This means “universal ruler” of the Mongol clans. Genghis lead the Mongols to conquering much of Asia. He invaded the Jin Empire but then turned to the Mongol Empire
Genghis Khan invaded the Jin Empire in 1211. He launched terror across Cental Asia due to murder of fellow traders.
Central Asia was under full Mongol control by this time. The Mongols destroyed city after city because and before this.
Genghis Khan died in 1227 but not from violence, but from illness. His successors continued to expand his empire. In less than 50 years, the Mongols conquered ter- ritory from China to Poland.
The empire is divided into four sections. the first, or Khanate of the Great Khan, then the Khanate of Chagatai, then the Ilkhanate, and finally Khanate of the Golden Horde.
Marco Polo travels to Kublai Court in 1275. He learned Asian languages and was sent on government missions. He served great Khan for 17 years.
The Great Khan sent huge fleets against Japan and so the Mongols forced Korea to repair and build boats. Genghis Khan also tried to expand his empire.
Kublai Khan dies in 1294 and after his death the Yuan Dynasty starts to fade. Many different rulers took the throne during this time.
Chandragupta gathered an army, killed the unpopular Nanda king, and in about 321 B.C. claimed the throne. This began the Mauryan Empire.
Chandragupta has many accomplishments including gathering and army, killing an unpopular king, and taking the throne. All this begins the Mauryan Empire in 321BC.
The Mauryan Empire stretched more than 2,000
Chandragupta’s son assumed the throne and ruled for 32 years. Then Asoka brought the Mauryan empire to great heights.
Asoka becomes the king of the Mauryan empire and he followed in Chandraguptas footsteps.
Asoka failed to hold the empire together and died in 232 BC.
Waves and waves of Persians and Greeks poured into India. These people greatly disrupted Indian society.
Chandra Gupta took the title "Kings of great kings". His base was along the Ganges river
Chandra Gupta II strengthened his empire through peaceful means by negotiating diplomatic and marriage alliances. He started his reign at 375 AD.
Chandra Gupta II ends his reign but at a positive note because he strengthened his empire in many ways.
The Mauryan Empire ends in 535 AD and is split up into many different kingdoms.
Samurai becomes king in 535 AD and he works to expand his new empire at about 40 years old.
Timur the lame destroyed Delhi and was so completely devastated that it was re built centuries later.
In 1494 an eleven year old boy inherited land of todays Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan
Babur led 12,000 troops to victory.
Akbar lives up to his name, ruling India with wisdom and tolerance from 1556 to 1605.
Mumtaz Mahal died at age 39 while giving birth to her 14th child. A palace was built in her memory of a great beautiful memorial called the Taj Mahal
Shah Jahan becomes ill and his four sons fight over the throne for power in 1657.
Aurangzeb rules from this time and he expands his empire greatly. However the empire begins to crumble under his reign.
Cosimo de Medici gained a government control from Florence. After this he became Florence's dictator for about 30 years.Then Cosimo died in 1464
Christian scholars in Constantinople fled to Rome with Greek manu- scripts when the Turks conquered Constantinople in 1453.
Donatello’s statue was created in the late 1460s. It was the first European sculpture of a large, free-standing nude since ancient times.
Lorenzo de Medici, came to power in 1469. Known as Lorenzo the Magnificent, he ruled as a dictator yet kept up the appearance of having an elected government.
The period in between the Courtier making and the Constantinople flee.
Baldassare Castiglione writes The Courtier in 1528 which teaches people how to be a proper person.