Mongols Timeline (Brian Cox)

Main

Temujin fights for Mongols leadership

1200

A Mongol clan leader named Temujin sought to unify the Mongols under his leadership. He fought and defeated his rivals one by one.

Temujin accepted the title Genghis Khan

1206

This means “universal ruler” of the Mongol clans. Genghis lead the Mongols to conquering much of Asia. He invaded the Jin Empire but then turned to the Mongol Empire

Jin Empire Invasion

1211

Genghis Khan invaded the Jin Empire in 1211. He launched terror across Cental Asia due to murder of fellow traders.

Mongol Control

1225

Central Asia was under full Mongol control by this time. The Mongols destroyed city after city because and before this.

Genghis Khan Dies

1227

Genghis Khan died in 1227 but not from violence, but from illness. His successors continued to expand his empire. In less than 50 years, the Mongols conquered ter- ritory from China to Poland.

Mongols Divide Empire

1260

The empire is divided into four sections. the first, or Khanate of the Great Khan, then the Khanate of Chagatai, then the Ilkhanate, and finally Khanate of the Golden Horde.

Marco Polo Travels

1275

Marco Polo travels to Kublai Court in 1275. He learned Asian languages and was sent on government missions. He served great Khan for 17 years.

Khan Expands empire, sends fleets against Japan

1281

The Great Khan sent huge fleets against Japan and so the Mongols forced Korea to repair and build boats. Genghis Khan also tried to expand his empire.

Kublai Khan Dies

1294

Kublai Khan dies in 1294 and after his death the Yuan Dynasty starts to fade. Many different rulers took the throne during this time.

India

Mauryan Empire Begins

321 BC

Chandragupta has many accomplishments including gathering and army, killing an unpopular king, and taking the throne. All this begins the Mauryan Empire in 321BC.

Mauryan Empire Begins

321 BC

Chandragupta gathered an army, killed the unpopular Nanda king, and in about 321 B.C. claimed the throne. This began the Mauryan Empire.

Mauryan empire expands

303 BC

The Mauryan Empire stretched more than 2,000

Mauryan empire emerges

301 BC

Chandragupta’s son assumed the throne and ruled for 32 years. Then Asoka brought the Mauryan empire to great heights.

Asoka takes over

269 BC

Asoka becomes the king of the Mauryan empire and he followed in Chandraguptas footsteps.

Asoka's Death

232 BC

Asoka failed to hold the empire together and died in 232 BC.

countries pour into India

185 BC

Waves and waves of Persians and Greeks poured into India. These people greatly disrupted Indian society.

Chandra Takes A Title

320 AD

Chandra Gupta took the title "Kings of great kings". His base was along the Ganges river

Chandra Gupta Strengthens Empire

375 AD

Chandra Gupta II strengthened his empire through peaceful means by negotiating diplomatic and marriage alliances. He started his reign at 375 AD.

Chandra Gupta II Ends Reign

415 AD

Chandra Gupta II ends his reign but at a positive note because he strengthened his empire in many ways.

Mauryan Empire Ends

535 AD

The Mauryan Empire ends in 535 AD and is split up into many different kingdoms.

Samudra Becomes King

535 AD

Samurai becomes king in 535 AD and he works to expand his new empire at about 40 years old.

Timur the lame destroys Delhi

1398

Timur the lame destroyed Delhi and was so completely devastated that it was re built centuries later.

Babur Inherits Land

1494

In 1494 an eleven year old boy inherited land of todays Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan

Babur The Great General

1526

Babur led 12,000 troops to victory.

Abakar Rules Powerfully

1556 - 1605

Akbar lives up to his name, ruling India with wisdom and tolerance from 1556 to 1605.

Taj Mahal Is Built

1631

Mumtaz Mahal died at age 39 while giving birth to her 14th child. A palace was built in her memory of a great beautiful memorial called the Taj Mahal

Shah Jahan Becomes Ill

1657

Shah Jahan becomes ill and his four sons fight over the throne for power in 1657.

Aurangzeb Rules

1658 - 1707

Aurangzeb rules from this time and he expands his empire greatly. However the empire begins to crumble under his reign.

Renaissance

Cosimo's Reign

1434 - 1464

Cosimo de Medici gained a government control from Florence. After this he became Florence's dictator for about 30 years.Then Cosimo died in 1464

Christian Scholars Flee To Rome

1453

Christian scholars in Constantinople fled to Rome with Greek manu- scripts when the Turks conquered Constantinople in 1453.

Donatello Statue Created

1460

Donatello’s statue was created in the late 1460s. It was the first European sculpture of a large, free-standing nude since ancient times.

Lorenzo de Medici

1469

Lorenzo de Medici, came to power in 1469. Known as Lorenzo the Magnificent, he ruled as a dictator yet kept up the appearance of having an elected government.

In Between Renaissance

1519

The period in between the Courtier making and the Constantinople flee.

Baldassare Castiglione Writes Courtier

1528

Baldassare Castiglione writes The Courtier in 1528 which teaches people how to be a proper person.