The Mongols sent huge fleets against Japan. They forced Korea to build, sail and provide provisions for the boats, this ruined Korea.
Ghengis khan wanted to unit the mongols under his leadership. He achieved this by fighting rivals one by one until the empire united as one.
Temujin changed his name to Ghengis khan in 1206. The name means "universal ruler".
In 1211 Genghis khan invade the northern Jin empire. After his attention turned to the Muslims though.
Being angered by the murder of Mongol traders and an ambas- sador at the hands of the Muslims, Genghis went on a rampage taking over city by city. By 1225 the Mongols controled Central Asia.
In 1227 Genghis khan died. He did not die from violence, but from illness.
In 1260 the empire was divided into four regions. These were the Khanate of the Great Khan (Mongolia and China), the Khanate of Chagatai (Central Asia), the Ilkhanate (Persia), and the Khanate of the Golden Horde (Russia).
Marco Polo arrived in Kublai Khan’s Courtney learned several languages through his travels.
In 1294 Kublai Khan died. After his death, the yuan dynasty began to fade.
In order to gain the thrown, in 321, Chandragupta built an army and killed the unpopular king Nanda. This led to the beginning of the Mauryan Empire.
By 303 BC the empire stretched more than 2,000 miles. This connected north India politically for the first time.
Chandragupta's son ruled for 32 years. When he was done Chandragupta's grandson,
In 269 BC Chandragupta's grandson takes the thrown following in his elders footsteps. He waged war and expanded the empire.
One if the best empires of the time died leaving the empire with a power vacuum. They were not able to hold the empire together for much longer after Asoka's death.
For about 500 years Greeks,
Persians, and Central Asians poured into
northern India. The invaders introduced
new languages and customs that added to the already-rich blend of Indian culture.
Once Chandra Gupta got married he changed his title. He took the title of “Great King of Kings”.
Samudra Gupta, the son of Chandra Gupta became king in 335. Although a lover of the arts, Samudra had a warlike side. He expanded the empire through 40 years of conquest.
Chandra gupta II defeated the Shakas enemies to the west and added their coastal territory to his empire allowing the Guptas to engage in profitable trade with the Mediterranean world. Chandra Gupta II also strengthened his empire through peaceful means by negotiating diplomatic and marriage alliances.
Over the next 100 years, the Gupta Empire broke into small king- doms. Many were overrun by the Hunas or other Central Asian nomads. The Empire ended about 535
Timur the Lame destroyed Delhi in 1398 so badly some people said "For months, not a bird was seen in the sky." Eventually the city was built.
Babur, an 11 year old boy inheriteda kingdom that is now located in the modern day Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. It was a small kingdom that his elders took away and then drove Babur south.
In 1526 Babur led 12,000 troups to victory against an army of 100,000 soldiers. The army was led by sultan of Delhi.
From 1556-1605 Babur's grandson, Akbar ruled over the kingdom. His name means "Great" which he lived up to as a ruler.
In 1631 Mumtaz Mahal died while giving birth to her 14th child. The death of Mahal led to his husband to build the Taj Mahal.
In 1657 Shah Jahan became ill, causing his four sons to fight to the thrown. Aurangzeb, his third son, became the ruler.
From 1658-1707 Aurangzeb ruled over his fathers kingdom. Though he expanded the Mughal empire to its height, the empire weakened during his reign.
Francesco Petrarch wrote mysterious letters to awoken named Laura who died of the plague on 1348.
In 1434 Cosimo de Medici won control over the Florence government, in 1464 he died.
Leonardo da Vinci was very intelligent, he wrote notebooks and drawings, created inventions and contributed to sciences.
When the destructive Hundred Years’ War between France and England ended, many cities grew rapidly.
Christian scholars from Constantinople fled to Rome with Greek manu- scripts when the Turks conquered Constantinople
The statue of David was one of Michelangelo Buonarroti's greatest achievements.
His grandson, Lorenzo de Medici, came to power in 1469.
Vittoria Colonna was born into a noble family, and married somebody who spent most of their time at a military camp.
A French king claimed the throne of Naples in southern Italy and launched an invasion through northern Italy.
For three years Michelangelo sculpted the statue David, portraying the biblical hero in the moments just before battle.
The painting is thought to be a portrait of Lisa Gheradardini who got married at 16
Erasmus wrote his most famous work, The Praise of Folly. This book poked fun at greedy merchants, heartsick lovers, quarrelsome scholars, and pompous priests.
Niccolò Machiavelli wrote a book called The Prince.
In1516 Thomas more wrote a book based off a utopia.
Baldassare Castiglione wrote a book
This style painting reached its height with the work of Pieter Bruegel the elder.