Callie's world history timeline

Main

Mongols sent fleets against Japan

274 - 281

The Mongols sent huge fleets against Japan. They forced Korea to build, sail and provide provisions for the boats, this ruined Korea.

Genghis khan unites the Mongols

1200

Ghengis khan wanted to unit the mongols under his leadership. He achieved this by fighting rivals one by one until the empire united as one.

Temujin changes his name

1206

Temujin changed his name to Ghengis khan in 1206. The name means "universal ruler".

Mongols invade the northern Jin empire

1211

In 1211 Genghis khan invade the northern Jin empire. After his attention turned to the Muslims though.

Central Asia under Mongol control

1225

Being angered by the murder of Mongol traders and an ambas- sador at the hands of the Muslims, Genghis went on a rampage taking over city by city. By 1225 the Mongols controled Central Asia.

Genghis khan dies

1227

In 1227 Genghis khan died. He did not die from violence, but from illness.

The empire divides

1260

In 1260 the empire was divided into four regions. These were the Khanate of the Great Khan (Mongolia and China), the Khanate of Chagatai (Central Asia), the Ilkhanate (Persia), and the Khanate of the Golden Horde (Russia).

Marco Polo arrives

1275

Marco Polo arrived in Kublai Khan’s Courtney learned several languages through his travels.

Kublai Khan dies

1294

In 1294 Kublai Khan died. After his death, the yuan dynasty began to fade.

India

Chandragupta claims the thrown

321 BC

In order to gain the thrown, in 321, Chandragupta built an army and killed the unpopular king Nanda. This led to the beginning of the Mauryan Empire.

Mauryan empire grows

303 BC

By 303 BC the empire stretched more than 2,000 miles. This connected north India politically for the first time.

Chandragupta's son takes the thrown

301 BC

Chandragupta's son ruled for 32 years. When he was done Chandragupta's grandson,

Asoka becomes empire

269 BC

In 269 BC Chandragupta's grandson takes the thrown following in his elders footsteps. He waged war and expanded the empire.

Asoka dies

232 BC

One if the best empires of the time died leaving the empire with a power vacuum. They were not able to hold the empire together for much longer after Asoka's death.

New people migrated to India

185 BC

For about 500 years Greeks,
Persians, and Central Asians poured into
northern India. The invaders introduced
new languages and customs that added to the already-rich blend of Indian culture.

Chandra Gupta claims a new title

320 AD

Once Chandra Gupta got married he changed his title. He took the title of “Great King of Kings”.

Samudra becomes king

335 AD

Samudra Gupta, the son of Chandra Gupta became king in 335. Although a lover of the arts, Samudra had a warlike side. He expanded the empire through 40 years of conquest.

Chandra Gupta II rules

375 - 415

Chandra gupta II defeated the Shakas enemies to the west and added their coastal territory to his empire allowing the Guptas to engage in profitable trade with the Mediterranean world. Chandra Gupta II also strengthened his empire through peaceful means by negotiating diplomatic and marriage alliances.

Empire ends

535

Over the next 100 years, the Gupta Empire broke into small king- doms. Many were overrun by the Hunas or other Central Asian nomads. The Empire ended about 535

Delhi gets destroyed

1398

Timur the Lame destroyed Delhi in 1398 so badly some people said "For months, not a bird was seen in the sky." Eventually the city was built.

Kingdom is inherited

1494

Babur, an 11 year old boy inheriteda kingdom that is now located in the modern day Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. It was a small kingdom that his elders took away and then drove Babur south.

Babur leads troups

1526

In 1526 Babur led 12,000 troups to victory against an army of 100,000 soldiers. The army was led by sultan of Delhi.

Babur's grandson rules

1556 - 1605

From 1556-1605 Babur's grandson, Akbar ruled over the kingdom. His name means "Great" which he lived up to as a ruler.

Mumtaz mahal dies

1631

In 1631 Mumtaz Mahal died while giving birth to her 14th child. The death of Mahal led to his husband to build the Taj Mahal.

Shah Jahan becomes ill

1657

In 1657 Shah Jahan became ill, causing his four sons to fight to the thrown. Aurangzeb, his third son, became the ruler.

Aurangzeb rules

1658 - 1707

From 1658-1707 Aurangzeb ruled over his fathers kingdom. Though he expanded the Mughal empire to its height, the empire weakened during his reign.

Europe

Francesco Petrarch

1348

Francesco Petrarch wrote mysterious letters to awoken named Laura who died of the plague on 1348.

Cosimo de Medici

1434 - 1464

In 1434 Cosimo de Medici won control over the Florence government, in 1464 he died.

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 - 1519

Leonardo da Vinci was very intelligent, he wrote notebooks and drawings, created inventions and contributed to sciences.

Hundred Years' War

1453

When the destructive Hundred Years’ War between France and England ended, many cities grew rapidly.

Turks conquer Constantinople

1453

Christian scholars from Constantinople fled to Rome with Greek manu- scripts when the Turks conquered Constantinople

Statue of David

1465

The statue of David was one of Michelangelo Buonarroti's greatest achievements.

Lorenzo de Medici

1469

His grandson, Lorenzo de Medici, came to power in 1469.

Vittoria Colonna

1492 - 1547

Vittoria Colonna was born into a noble family, and married somebody who spent most of their time at a military camp.

Claiming the throne

1494

A French king claimed the throne of Naples in southern Italy and launched an invasion through northern Italy.

David

1501 - 1504

For three years Michelangelo sculpted the statue David, portraying the biblical hero in the moments just before battle.

Mona Lisa

1504 - 1506

The painting is thought to be a portrait of Lisa Gheradardini who got married at 16

Erasmus

1509

Erasmus wrote his most famous work, The Praise of Folly. This book poked fun at greedy merchants, heartsick lovers, quarrelsome scholars, and pompous priests.

Niccolò Machiavelli

1513

Niccolò Machiavelli wrote a book called The Prince.

Thomas More

1516

In1516 Thomas more wrote a book based off a utopia.

The courtier

1528

Baldassare Castiglione wrote a book

Flemish painting

1550

This style painting reached its height with the work of Pieter Bruegel the elder.