My History Timeline

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Genghis Khan Unites the Mongols

1200

Around 1200, a Mongol clan leader named Temujin sought to unify the Mongols under his leadership. He fought and defeated his rivals one by one.

Temujin accepted the title Genghis Khan

1206

In 1206, Temujin accepted the title Genghis Khan, or “universal ruler” of the Mongol clans.

The Mongols invaded the northern Jin Empire

1211

Genghis led the Mongols in conquering much of Asia. His first goal was China. After invading the northern Jin Empire in 1211, however, his attention turned to the Islamic region west of Mongolia.

Central Asia was under Mongol control.

1225

The Mongols destroyed one city after another—Utrar, Samarkand, Bukhara—and slaughtered many inhabitants. By 1225, Central Asia was under Mongol control.

Genghis Khan die

1227

Genghis Khan died in 1227. Not from violence, but from illness.

Great Khan

1260

Kublai Khan, the grandson of Genghis Khan, assumed the title Great Khan in 1260. In theory, the Great Khan ruled the entire Mongol Empire. In reality, the empire had split into four khanates

Marco Polo arrived at Kublai Khan’s court

1275

He traveled by caravan on the Silk Roads with his father and uncle, arriving at Kublai Khan’s court around 1275. Polo had learned several Asian languages in his travels, and Kublai Khan sent him to various Chinese cities on government missions.

Failure to Conquer Japan

1281

After conquering China, Kublai Khan tried to extend his rule to Japan. In 1274 and again in 1281, the Great Khan sent huge fleets against Japan.

Kublai Khan died

1294

Kublai Khan died in 1294. After his death, the Yuan Dynasty began to fade.

India

The Mauryan Empire Is Established

321 BC

Chandragupta gathered an army, killed the unpopular Nanda king, and in about 321 B.C. claimed the throne. This began the Mauryan Empire.

North India united for the first time

303 BC

Mauryan Empire stretched more than 2,000

Chandragupta's son assumes the throne

301 BC

Chandragupta’s son assumed the throne. He ruled for 32 years.

Asoka becomes king of the Mauryan Empire

269 BC

Asoka becomes king of the Mauryan Empire.

Asoka died

232 BC

Noble as his policies of toleration and nonviolence were, they failed to hold the empire together after Asoka died in 232 B.C.

Greeks, Persians, and Central Asiana invaded India

185 BC

For 500 years, beginning about
185 B.C., wave after wave of Greeks,
Persians, and Central Asians poured into
northern India. These invaders disrupted
Indian society.

Chandra Gupta Builds an Empire

320 AD

The first Gupta emperor came to power not through battle but by marrying a daughter of an influential royal family. After his marriage, Chandra Gupta I took the title “Great King of Kings”.

Samudra Gupta became king

335 AD

Chandra Gupta II ruled

375 AD

Chandra Gupta II also strengthened his empire through peaceful means by negotiating diplomatic and marriage alliances. He ruled from A.D. 375 to 415.

Chandra Gupta II no longer ruled

415 AD

Chandra Gupta II also strengthened his empire through peaceful means by negotiating diplomatic and marriage alliances. He ruled from A.D. 375 to 415.

The empire ended

535 AD

Many were overrun by the Hunas or other Central Asian nomads. The Empire ended.

Timer the Lame destroys Delhi

1398

Timer the Lame destroyed Delhi. The city was so completely devastated that according to one witness, "for months, not a bird moved in the city."

Babur Founds an Empire

1494

An 11 year old boy named

Babur was a brilliant general

1526

Babur led 12,000 troops to

Akbar ruler

1556 - 1605

Babur’s grandson was called Akbar, which means “Great.” Akbar certainly lived up to his name, ruling India with wisdom and tolerance from 1556 to 1605

Aurangzeb ruler

1657

All was not well in the royal court either. When Shah Jahan became ill in 1657, his four sons scrambled for the throne. The third son, Aurangzeb

Aurangzeb rules from 1658 to 1797

1658 - 1707

Europe

Giovanni Boccaccio

1348

The Italian writer Giovanni Boccaccio is best known for the Decameron, a series of realistic, sometimes off-color stories.

Cosimo de Medici won control of Florence's government

1434 - 1464

In 1434, Cosimo de Medici won control of Florence’s government. Cosimo de Medici died in 1464.

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 - 1519

Leonardo da Vinci’s notebooks—and life—are mysterious.

Turks conquers Constantinople

1453

Christian scholars in Constantinople fled to Rome with Greek manuscripts when the Turks conquered Constantinople in 1453

Donatello's Statue was created

1460

Donatello’s statue was created in the late 1460s.

Lorenzo de Medici comes tonpower

1469

Cosimo' de Medici's grandson, Lorenzo de Medici, came to power in 1469.

Michelangelo Buonarroti

1475 - 1564

Like Leonardo, Michelangelo was a Renaissance man.

Niccolo Machiavelli

1513

The Prince (1513) by Niccolò Machiavelli

Baldassare Castiglione wrote a book called The Courtier

1528

Baldassare Castiglione wrote a book called The Courtier that taught how to become such a person.