Origins of Cold War

Cold War, a period of extreme international tension

Main

Bolshevik Revolution

1917 - 1921

Allied Forces supported the Czarist government and tried to crush the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War.
Even after the Bolsheviks won, they still refused to recognize the new government.

The Great Terror

1934

Induced anti-Soviet feelings in USA

The Great Purge

1937 - 1939

Induced anti-Soviet feelings in USA

Munich Agreement

1938

This gave Sudetenland (originally Czechoslovakia's land) to Germany. A secret agreement between Britain, France, and Germany; Czechs were not involved.

Non-Aggression Pact

1939

A treaty between Nazi Germany and Soviet Union. Nazi Germany won't invade USSR but USSR will stay neutral in WW2.
Confirmed Riga Axiom's anti-Soviet views.

Tehran Conference

1943

@ Iran, with Stalin, Roosevelt, Churchill
Agreed on: replace League of Nations
Conflicts: second front, postwar Poland, Germany, and E. Europe

Eastern Europe Salami Tactics

1945 - 1949

"Shaved" one state by one state, slowly changing their governments to a communist/USSR friendly ones, under the excuse of a "buffer zone"

Potsdam Conference

1945

@ Germany, with Stalin, Atlee, Truman
Agreed on: divide Germany
Conflicts: Still Poland and the rest of Eastern Europe, Truman's hardline attitude towards Stalin

Yalta Conference

1945

@ Ukraine, with Stalin, Roosevelt, Churchill
Agreed on: Germany must be disarmed, demilitarized, de-Nazified; 4 zones of occupation, $20 billion reparation
Conflicts: Poland, E. Europe, Germany unification

Kennan's Long Telegram

February 1946

Described USSR as a expansionist state, but also said that USSR will back down at the slightest pressure
Resulted in: containment policy, Truman doctrine, Marshall Plan

Iron Curtain Speech

March 1946

"There's an Iron Curtain descending upon Europe" - Churchill
described USSR as an expansionist totalitarian state

Truman Doctrine

March 1947

U.S. will financially support anyone willing to fight communism

Marshall Plan

June 1947

Truman Doctrine put into action

Cominform formed

September 1947

Berlin Crisis

1948
  1. USSR wanted to destroy Germany
  2. USA/B/F forms Trizonia
  3. Marshall Plan helps W. Germany
  4. Introduction of new currency in W. Germany = new, separate federal government
  5. USSR blockades W. Berlin (because it's in the middle of E. Germany)
  6. Later rescued by airlift supplies

Czechoslovakian Coup

February 1948

USSR encouraged the Czech communists to pressure the non-communists in the Czech government to resign. USSR played a role in this by threatening them with military presence.

Comecon formed

January 1949

In response to Marshall Plan

WW2 Events

Britain, France declares war on Germany

1939

Germany invades Poland

1939

France falls to Germany

1940

Germany invades USSR

July 1941

U.S. declares war on Axis

December 1941

Japan invades Hawaii

December 1941

Allied Forces invade Italy

1943

Italy surrenders

September 1943

D-Day on Normandy

July 1944

Second front

VE Day (Germany surrenders)

May 1945

Japanese emperor surrender broadcast

August 1945

Soviet Union declares war on Japan

August 1945

U.S. drops A-bomb on Nagasaki

August 1945

U.S. drops A-bomb on Hiroshima

August 1945