A Mongol clan leader named Temujin wanted to unite the Mongols under his rule. He defeated his rivals and in 1206, got the name Genghis Khan.
The clan leader Temujin assumed the name Genghis Khan. Genghis Khan means universal ruler (of the Mongols).
Genghis Khan invaded the Jin Empire before conquering the Islamic region to the west of the Mongols. He wanted to conquer all of China.
In those years, Genghis Khan managed to conquer all of central China. He did this through a campaign of terror.
He died form illness, not violence. His successors continued to expand the empire after him.
Kublai Khan assumes the title Great Khan. He was Genghis Khan's grandson.
Marco Polo arrived at Kublai Khan's by traveling through the Silk Road with his father and uncle. He ended up serving Kublai Khan for 17 years.
Kublai Khan sent huge fleets to try and take over Japan, but Japan turned them back. A typhoon finished off the Mongol ships, and they were destroyed.
Kublai Khan died, and after his death the Yuan dynasty began to fade. The family members left started to fight over who would rule.
Chandragupta gathers an army and overthrows the unpopular Nanda king, and claimed the throne.
North India was united. It stretched more than 2000 miles.
Asoka, Chandragupta's son assumes the throne. He rules for 32 years.
Asoka became king and at first followed in his father's footsteps.
Asoka dies in 232 BC. His nonviolent policies failed to hold the empire together.
Many waves of Greeks, central Asians, and Persians poured into India.
He toke the throne by marriage, and was in no way related to Chandragupta Maurya.
He brought peace by negotiating diplomatic and marriage alliances. Indians liked him because of his heroic qualities.
Gupta empire is overrun by the Hunas and Central Asians. The empire splits and falls apart.
Timur the Lame destroyed Deli, and the city was completely devastated. It would eventually be rebuilt, but not for a while.
An 11-year old boy n hermits a tiny kingdom. His elders eventually took it away, and drove him south. He would later return to conquer much of India.
Babur proved his great military skill when he led an army of only 12,000 soldiers against an army of 100,000 soldiers, and won.
Akbar ruled the Indian territory with tolerance for this long.
Mumtaz Mahal died at age 39 while giving birth to her 14th child. She was the beloved wife of the ruler Shah Jahan, and when she died, he built the great Taj Mahal in her honor.
Shah Jahan becomes ill, and his four sons scrambled for the throne. His third son Aurangzeb took the throne, and executed his older brother, the most dangerous rival. He then arrested his father and put him in the dungeons where he died a few years later.
The aggressive leader Aurangzeb ruled. He was a gat military strategist.
He started out the wealthiest man of his time. He gained control of Florence's government, and influenced the council with giving them loans.
Johann Gutenberg opens a printing press. He incorporated a number of new technologies.
Leonardo da Vinci lived. He was many things, but thought of himself as mostly a painter. He was a genius.
The Hundred Years' War between England and France ended. Then, many cities grew rapidly.
The Turks conquered Constantinople, and Christian scholars fled to Rome with Greek manuscripts.
Lorenzo de Medici came to power after his father, Cosimo de Medici. He ruled as a dictator.
Michelangelo Buonarroti lived. He portrayed the human body through his painting and drawing.
Vittoria Colonna, a poet lived. She exchanged poems with Michaelangelo.
A French king claims the throne of Nples and launched an invasion through northern Italy.
The Praise of Folly was written by Desiderius Erasmus, a Christian humanist.
The Prince was written by Niccolò Machiavelli. It examines the imperfections of humans.
The book Utopia was written by Thomas More, trying to show a better kind of society.
Baldassare Castiglione wrote the Courtier that taught how to become a renaissance man.
Queen Elizabeth reigned in what was called the Elizabethan era. She was a well educated woman with a soft spot for the arts.
Shakespeare was writing poems and plays in London. He would soon start the globe theatre to stage his plays.