Temujin was the clan leader of the Mongols who sought to unify the Mongols. He defeated rivals one by one conquering land.
Temujin accepts the title of "Genghis Khan" meaning the universal ruler of the Mongols. Genghis lead the empire to conquer most of Asia.
The Mongols invaded the norther Jin Empire. Genghis's attention turned to the Islamic region west of the Mongols.
The Mongols take control of all of Central Asia. They conquered lands one by one until they possessed all of Central Asia.
Genghis Khan died of illness. His successors continued to expand the empire but his great rule came to an end.
The Mongols divided the empire into four parts. These parts were
He traveled the Silk Road and arrived at Khans court. He learned many Asian languages and served for the Khan for 17 years.
The Great Khan sent large groups against Japan. The Mongols made the Koreans build and provide provisions for the boats.
Kublai Khan died and the Yuan dynasty started to fade and decline. There was conflict which who would rule after his death between family members.
In 321 BC Chandragupta gathered an army and killed the unpopular Nanda king which lead to him claiming the throne.
After years of fighting, Chandragupta defeated Seleucus. By 303 the Mauryan Empire stretched itself more than 2,000 miles.
In 301 BC Chandraguptas son took the throne. He then ruled for two years.
The grandson of Chandragupta becomes kings in 269. He waged war and expanded the empire.
Asoka failed to hold the empire together and died in 232 BC.
Greeks, Persians and Central Asains poured into northern India. These invaders dirupted Indian Society.
After Chandrgupta got married he took the title "Great kings of Kings" in ad 320.
samudra became king in 335 Ad. he expanded his empire through 40 years of conquest.
Chandra Gupta II ruled from 375-415 Ad. He strenghtended through peaceful means.
The Gupta empire broke into small kingdoms. Many were overrun by the Hunas or other central Asian nomads. the emipre ended in 535.
Timur the Lame destroyed Delhi in 1398.
An 11 year old boy named Babur inherited a kingdom in Uzbekastan and Tajikstan.
in 1526 Babur led 12,000 in a victory against an army of 100,000 troops.
Baburs gradson ruled India with wisdom and tolerance for 49 years.
Mimtaz Muhal died when she was 39 while giving birth to her 14 child.
Shah Jahan becomes ill in 1657. His four sons scramble for the throne.
Aurangzeb, third son of Shah Jahan became emporer. He was a master at military strategy and an agressive empire builder.
The plague killed A girl Laura who was the main focus of many poems
He wins control over Florence and ruled until. He died in 1664 but his family continued to rule the empire.
Johann Gutenberg developed a printing press.
France and England's Hundred Years' War ended at this time.
The turks sonquered Constantiople in 1453.
Donatello statue was created
his grandson rose to power in 1469 and ruled the empire.
Vittoria was born into a noble family and helped to publish many of these sonnets
he traveled to Italy to study in 1494
Erasmus wrote his most famous work The praise of folly
the prince by Niccolo Machiavelli examined the imperfect conduct of human beings
Thomas More wrote the book the Utopia in 1516
Baldassare Castiglione wrote the book " the Courtier"
Flemish painting reached its peak after 1550 with the work of Pieter Bruegel the Elder.
Queen Elizabeth ruled from 1558-1603
Shakespeare was living in London by this time and writin poems and plays.