World History Timeline

Mongols

Temujin tries to unify Mongols

1200

Temujin, was a Mongol clan leader. In 1200 AD, he tried to unify the Mongols under his own leadership.

Temujin becomes Genghis Kahn

1206

Temujin, in his attempt to unify the Mongols, gave himself a new name in 1206. This name was Genghis Kahn, or "universal leader".

Genghis Kahn leads his armies across the Gobi

1211

In 1211, Genghis Kahn led his armies across the Gobi Desert. This was in a conquest against the Jin Dynasty in China.

Central Asia is conquered

1225

By 1225, all of Central Asia was under control of the Mongols. They had destroyed Ukar, Samakrand, and Bukhara.

Genghis Kahn dies

1227

Genghis Kahn, the great Mongol ruler, died from an illness in 1227. However his sons and grandsons continued to expand his empire.

Mongols divide empire

1260

In 1260, the Mongols divided their massive empire into four regions. These regions were called Kahnates.there was the Kahnate of the Great Kahn, the Kanate of Chagati, the Ilkhanate, and the Kanate of the Golden Horde.

Marco Polo arrives in court

1275

Marco Polo traveled in caravans with his father and uncle and finally arrives in Kublai Kahn's court. Marco Polo was sent on many government missions for Kublai Kahn in the time he was there.

Mongols attack Japan

1281

In 1281, the Mongols sent huge fleets of ships against Japan. They fought to a standstill, until a typhoon came and wiped out the Mongols.

Marco Polo leaves for Venice

1292

Marco Polo served the Great Kahn for 17 years. Finally, in 1292, he made his trip back to Venice where his stories would be written into a book.

India

Chandra Gupta rises to power

321 BC - 297 BC

Chandragupta began the Mauryan Empire by claiming the throne in 321 BC. He conquered lands by raising an army of over 600,000 soldiers.

Mauryan Empire expands

303 BC

By 303 BC, the Mauryan Empire ha expanded to over 2,000 miles under Chandraguptas's rule. It stretched from Magadha to the Indus.

Chandragupta's son takes the throne

301 BC

Chandragupta's son took the throne in 301 BC. He ruled for 32 years.

Chandrgupta's grandson takes the throne

269 BC

Chandraguptas's grandson, Asoka, took the throne. After leading a bloody war, Asoka took to teaching peace and Buddhism. He brought the empire to its greatest heights.

Asoka dies

232 BC

In 232, Asoka died. This left the empire in turmoil and chaos.

India is invaded

185 BC

Many groups of Greeks, Persians, and others poured into India to invade after Asoka's death. However, they also brought many new ideas to Indian culture.

Chandra Gupta I rules

320

Chandra Gupta, of no relation to Chandragupta, began the Gupta empire by taking the throne. He called himself the "Great King of Kings".

Chandra Gupta's son takes the throne

335

Chandra Gupta's son, Samudra Gupta, took the throne in 335. Through 40 years of conquest, he expanded much of the empire.

Chandra Gupta II takes the throne

375 - 415

Chandra Gupta II took the throne in 375. He engaged in much trade with the Mediterranean area. His rule ended in 415.

The Gupta Empire ends

535

For 100 years after Chandra Gupta II's death, the Gupta empire broke into many small kingdoms due to invaders. Finally, in 535, the empire came to an end.

Delhi is destroyed

1398

Timur the Lame, a Mughal leader, destroyed Delhi in 1398. The city was completely gone, until it was later rebuilt.

Babur inherits a kingdom

1494

Babur, an 11 year old boy, inherited land near present day Uzbekistan in 1494. He later went on to build an army and lay the foundation for Mughals.

Babur leads a victorious army

1526

In 1526, Babur led his army of 12,000 troops to India. They came out victorious against a sultan of Delhi's 100,000 man army.

Abkar comes to power

1556 - 1605

Abkar, Babur's grandson, took the throne in 1556. He was a great ruler and managed to unify 100 million people, among other accomplishments.

Mumtaz Muhal dies

1631

Mumtaz Muhal, wife to Shah Jahan (a Mughal emperor), died in 1631. In her memory her husband built a great monument, called the Taj Mahal, which still stands today.

Aurangzeb comes to power

1658 - 1707

Aurangzeb, a very aggressive ruler, came to power in 1658. He lost the respect of his people through his harsh ways, and the Mughal Empire eventually fell apart because of him.

Europe

The Decameron is written

1348

In 1348, the Decameron, a book of realistic stories was written. It was written by Giovanni Boccaccio and presented tragic and comic views on life.

Cosimo de Medici rules

1434 - 1464

In 1434, Cosimo took control of Florence's government. Cosimo was the wealthiest European of the time and controlled the government until he died in 1464.

Johann Gutenberg invents printing press

1440

In 1440, Johann Gutenberg developed a technology called the printing press. This development made it easy to print and process books quickly.

Leonardo da Vinci is born

1452 - 1519

Leonardo da Vinci, the great artist, was born in 1452. He was a master sculpter and painter and died in 1519.

Turks conquer Constantinople

1453

In 1453, the Turks conquered Constantinople. Christian scholars who fled to Rome because of this brought Greek manuscripts to Rome during this time.

The Hundred Years War ends

1453

In 1453, the great Hundred Years War came to an end. The war was between France and England and its ending brought peace to the many cities of both countries.

Donatello's statue of David is created

1460

Donatello created a statue of the king David in the late 1460s. This statue was the first large, free standing nude statue of the Renaissance.

Lorenzo de Medici comes to power

1469

In 1469, Lorenzo de Medici came to power over Florence. He was the grandson of Cosimo de Medici and served as the dictator of Florence.

Michaelangelo Buonarroti is born

1475 - 1564

In 1475, another Renaissance man and great artist was born. Michaelangelo. He was most known for his sculptures and paintings and died in 1564.

Vittoria Colonna is born

1492 - 1547

In 1492, the great female writer Vittoria Colonna was born. She wrote many great sonnets and poems about personal matters rather than politics, and died in 1547

Italy is invaded

1494

In 1494, a French king came to power and launched an invasion of Italy. As a result, many Italian artists and writers fled to northern Italy and brought with them their paintings and documents.

Michaelangelo sculpts David

1501 - 1504

In 1401, Michaelangelo began sculpting the great statue of David. He finished the 18 foot sculpture in 1404.

Da Vinci paints the Mona Lisa

1504 - 1506

In 1504, da Vinci began painting the great Mona Lisa. This painting is thought to be of Lisa Gerardini.

Erasmus writes the Praise of Folly

1509

In 1509, Erasmus completed his most famous work, The Praise of Folly. This was a comical book that made fun of many kinds of people.

The Prince is written

1513

In 1513, a book called The Prince was written by Niccoló Macciavelli. It was like a political guidebook and told of the imperfection of humans.

Thomas More writes Utopia

1516

In 1516, Thomas More wrote the book Utopia. In it, he depicted a world with no war, greed, or sickness.

The Courtier is written

1528

In 1528, a book called The Courtier was written by Baldassare Castiglione. The book taught a person how to become a Renaissance Man - charming, witty, and educated.

Pieter Bruegel paints The Elder

1550

In 1550, the painter Pieter Bruegel painted The Elder. This painting brought Flemish Painting to its peak at this time.

Queen Elizabeth reigns

1558 - 1603

In 1558, Queen Elizabeth I came to power. She was a great queen and was fluent in many languages and educated in poetry and music.

Shakespeare begins to write plays

1592

In 1592, the famous playwright William Shakespeare moved to London. There, he began writing plays and poems and started his career as a writer.