Timeline

Mongolians

Temujin's Quest

1200 - 1227

A man named Temujin sought to unify the Mongolians with him as leader. For the next few years, he fought any rivaling leaders.

Genghis Kahn

1206

Temujin accepts the name Genghis Kahn. This is Mongolian for Universal Ruler.

Jin Empire

1211

Genghis Kahn invades and defeats the Jin Empire in China. He then begins targeting the Islamic civilizations west of the Mongolian Empire.

Central Asia

1225

Mongolians gain full power over Central Asia. This is done by destroying, slaughtering, and burning any opposing villages in the area.

Genghis Kahns death

1227

Genghis Kahn finally meets death. But rather than it happening on the battlefield as would be expected, he died in bed due to sickness.

Mongolian Division

1260

The Mongolian Empire divided into four "khanates." Each of these clans were ruled by a descendant of Genghis, and one of which was Kublai Kahn.

Marco Polo

1275 - 1292

Kublai Kahn uses Marco Polo and his knowledge of Asian languages to help him by embarking on missions in Asian countries. For 19 years, Marco and his father assisted him before traveling away, continuing his journey.

Japan (Take Two)

1281

Kahn attempts, for a second time, to conquer Japan. He uses the labor of Koreans to try again, after his failure in 1274. However, his fleets were destroyed by a great “kamikaze” typhoon.

Kublai Kahns Death

1294

Kublai Kahn dies. His death eventually leads to the fall of the Yuan Dynasty.

Indians

Chandragupta

321 BC

The throne is taken by Chandragupta after the unpopular Nanda king is killed. This begins the Mauryan Empire.

Mauryan Empire

303 BC

The Mauryan empire unites the country politically for the first time. It's boundaries stretched for 2000 miles.

The Son of Chandragupta

301 BC - 269 BC

Chandragupta's son takes power. He rules for 32 years.

Asoka

269 BC

Asoka takes throne. His reign begins bloody and powerful, but eventually he turns to religion and peace.

Asoka's Death

232 BC

Asoka dies. His death eventually leads to the end of the empire, as they cannot maintain the peaceful rule that Asoka managed.

Invasions

185 BC - 315

Greeks, Persians, and other foreign armies invade and attack, causing turmoil throughout India. The now weak Mauryan Empire has crashed, and the Andhra Dynasty is thrown into chaos.

Great King of Kings

320

Chandra Gupta I marriages. Not long after, he is titled Great King of King.

Samudra Gupta

335 - 375

Son of Chandra, Samudra is an artist. However, he expands the empire through 40 years of war.

Chandra Gupta II

375 - 415

Chandra II was a diplomatic and peaceful. He negotiated and set up marriages between his empire and other strong ones.

Chandra Gupta II's Death

415

Chandra Gupta II dies. He brought about the height of the Gupta empire, and it eventually comes to an end many years after his death.

Gupta Empire's Fall

535

The Gupta Empire comes to an end. Many attacks by the Huns and other invaders led to this downfall.

Delhi Devastation

1398

Timur the Lame attacks Delhi. It was destroyed so severely it wasn't rebuilt for hundreds of years.

Babur's Birth

1494

An eleven year old boy inherits a kingdom. It will eventually become Uzbekistan and Tajikstan.

Unexpected Victory

1526

12,000 soldiers, led by Babur, fought 100,000 soldiers. Babur won against the sultan of Delhi.

Akbar

1526 - 1605

The throne was taken by a 13 year old. Hs name was Akbar, meaning "Great."

Muntaz Muhal

1631

The wife of Shah Jahan, Muntaz Muhal, dies. In honor of her memory, Shah built a beautiful tomb for her- the Taj Mahal.

Illness Befalls Shah

1657

As soon as he fell ill, a struggle immediately erupted for throne. All of Shah's children fought each other, which eventually led to Aurangzeb's rule.

Aurangzeb's Rule

1658 - 1707

After fighting in a bitter civil war, Aurangzeb stayed his older brother. His rule was distasteful and oppressive.

Europe

Plague

1348

This was the date that the Decameron says the plague broke out. The plague killed thousands, and decimated the population.

Cosmo's Rule

1434 - 1464

Cosimo de Medici, the wealthiest man in Florence, ruled as dictator for many years. His family maintained political power after his death.

Leonardo

1452 - 1519

These dates are the life of Leonardo da Vinci. He was often referred to as THE Renaissance Man, and was very influential. It is rumored that he trained under someone named Splinter.

Hundred Years' War

1453

This war between France and England ended this date, apparently 100 years later. Cities began to grow much faster after this war.

Turks

1453

As the Turks sacked Constantinople, many Christians fled to Rme, keeping Greek manuscripts with them. They were attempting to maintain Greek and Roman learning alive.

Donatello

1465 - 1470

Sometime during these dates, the famous sculptor/ninja turtle carved David. David was a statue famous for many things, such as his realistic posture and expression, and because he was the first free standing nude statue since ancient times.

Lorenzo di Medici

1469

The grandson of Cosimo, Lorenzo the Magnificent gained political power. He managed to have the image of an elected government, despite the fact that it was a dictatorship.

Michelangelo

1475 - 1564

This man was often referred to as da Vinci's rival. He is known for his anatomical skill in paintings and sculptures, as well as his vanquishing of Shredder.

Vittoria Colonna

1492 - 1547

Vittoria was a female writer of the Renaissance Age. She had great influence despite her age because she was born into a noble family.

King Gains Throne

1494

A French king gains throne of Northern Italy. He immediately launches a war on Southern Italy.

David

1501 - 1504

Michelangelo sculpted the statue David this year, based off many classical statues. It stands 18 feet tall and is very sophisticated looking.

Mona Lisa

1504 - 1506

This is one of the most famous paintings of all time. Leonardo da Vinci painted it and it is thought to be short for Madonna Lisa, or Madam Lisa.

"The Prince"

1513

This book was published in 1513. It was written by Machiavelli and was about human conduct.

"The Courtier"

1528

A book written by Baldassare Castaglion was published this date. It entailed how to become a "Renaissance Man."