Ford to Present 2 (Connor & Craig)

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War in Afghanistan

27 April 1978 - Present

This is an ongoing war between the United States and terrorist forces in Afghanistan.

Moral Majority

1979 - 1989

Moral Majority was a political group made up of fundamentalist Christians. Although it didnt accomplish much, it did show that Americans were starting to worry about the moral fabric of society.

Soviets Invade Afghanistan

December 24, 1979 - February 15, 1989

Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan on December 1979; Carter placed embargo on wheat shipments to Russia, increased spending on defense, and an Olympic boycott.

Savings and Loan Scandal

1980 - 1996

The savings and loan crisis of the 1980s and 1990s was the failure of 747 savings and loan associations. The ultimate cost of the crisis is estimated to have totaled around $160.1 billion, about $124.6 billion of which was directly paid for by the US government—that is, the US taxpayer, either directly or through charges on their savings and loan accounts—which contributed to the large budget deficits of the early 1990s.The natural slowdown in the finance industry and the real estate market may have been a contributing cause of the 1990-1991 economic recession.

Strategic Defense Initiative/Star Wars

1984 - 1993

Popularly known as "Star Wars," President Reagan's SDI proposed the construction of an elaborate computer-controlled, anti-missile defense system capable of destroying enemy missiles in outer spaced. Critics claimed that SDI could never be perfected.

Breakup of the Soviet Union

March 11, 1985 - December 26, 1991

In 1989, the Berlin Wall came down. The fall of the wall marked an end to Soviet influence in the country and allowed for Germany to become reunited.On February 7, 1990, the Central Committee of the CPSU accepted the recommendation of Mikhail Gorbachev that the party give up its 70-year-long monopoly of political power. During 1990 all fifteen constituent republics of the USSR held their first competitive elections, and reformers and ethnic nationalists won many of the seats. The CPSU lost the elections in the following six republics; Lithuania, Moldova, Estonia, Latvia, Armenia, and Georgia.On 24 August, Gorbachev resigned as general secretary of the CPSU and ordered all party units in the government dissolved. Five days later, Communist rule in the Soviet Union effectively ended when the Supreme Soviet indefinitely suspended all CPSU activities on Soviet territory. The USSR was formally dissolved on 26 December 1991 by declaration № 142-H of the Soviet of the Republics of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. This declaration acknowledged the independence of the remaining twelve republics of the Soviet Union that subsequently created the Commonwealth of Independent States.

Iran-Contra Affair

August 20, 1985 - March 4, 1987

This was a scandal that erupted after the Reagan administration sold weapons to Iran in hopes of freeing American hostages in Lebanon; money from the arms sales was used to aid the Contras (anti-Communist insurgents) in Nicaragua, even though Congress had prohibited this assistance. Talk of Reagan's impeachment ended when presidential aides took the blame for the illegal activity. As a result, President Reagan's approval ratings saw a drop from 67% to 46% in November 1986 but by January 1989, Reagan's approval ratings were back up to 64%.Internationally, adverseries of the U.S. saw that hostage-taking was an extremely useful instrument in getting political and financial concessions.

Operation Desert Sheild/Desert Storm

2 August 1990 - 28 February 1991

This was a war waged by a U.N.-authorized Coalition force from 34 nations led by the United States, against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait. Originally called Operation desert Shield. The operation changed to Operation Desert Storm when allies of the U.S. attacked Iraq with cruise missiles.

Rodney King Beating/Riots

April 29, 1992 - May 4, 1992

When a videotape of Los Angelos police officers beating a black bystander, Rodney King, got out, it provoked outrage throughout whites and blacks alike. The officers were acquitted, however. Black residents in South Central Los Angelos erupted in anger and started one of the largests racial disturbances of the twentieth centuries. More than 50 people died.

Clinton Proposes National Health Care

1993

The Clinton health care plan was a 1993 healthcare reform package proposed by the administration of President Bill Clinton and closely associated with the chair of the task force devising the plan, Hillary Clinton. Bill Clinton had campaigned heavily on health care in the 1992 election. The task force was created in January 1993, but its own processes were controversial. Its goal was to come up with a comprehensive plan to provide universal health care for all Americans, which was to be a cornerstone of the administration's first-term agenda. The core element of the plan was an enforced mandate for employers to provide health insurance coverage to all of their employees through competitive but closely regulated health maintenance organizations.

Don't ask, Don't Tell

December 21, 1993 - September 20, 2011

The military policy of allowing homosexuals as long as they don't say they were.

North American Free Trade Agreement

1 January 1994 - Present

Eliminated most trade barriers among the United States, Canada, and Mexico.

Newt Gingrich's "Contract with America"

1994

In the 1994 congressional elections, Congressman Newt Gingrich had Republican candidates sign a document in which they pledged their support for such things as a balanced budget amendment, term limits for members of Congress, and a middle-class tax cut.

Clinton Scandals and Impeachment

February 12, 1999

After President Clinton confessed before a jury that he and Lewinsky had an improper relationship, the prospect of impeachment became an issue, especially in the congressional elections. The House narrowly approved 2 counts of impeachment; lying to the grand jury and obstructing justice, and the matter moved to the Senate where a trial continued for weeks without generating any significant public support. It ended with a decisive acquittal of the president.

Election of 2000/Bush v. Gore

November 7, 2000

This election came down to electoral college votes and specifically the vote in Florida; because of the controvesy over a recount in Florida, Gore sued to have a manual recount; was the 1st time the Supreme Court got involved in electoral college decision; decided the votes should stand as counted and Bush got the votes for the state giving Bush the presidency without winning the popular vote.