Coalition created by members of western Europe to avoid more population loss and destruction/damage; first steps toward cooperation between nations
Schuman Plan and Common Management
April 18, 1951
Germany, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg sign the treaty presented by Schuman to run their coal and steel industries under a common management to promote peace and cooperation within the nations.
Treaty of Rome
March 25, 1957
Expanding on the Schuman Plan, the countries expand their joint cooperation to create the EEC or "common market" to allow for easier trade and travel between nations.
Berlin Wall goes up
Custom Duties Removed
July 1, 1968
The six countries remove the need for customs duties, allowing free cross-border trade for the first time in history and creating the world's largest trading group
April 24, 1972
Taking steps toward a joint currency, and in an effort to maintain monetary stability, the exchange rate mechanism is created and currencies within the trade union are only allowed to fluctuate minimally
January 1, 1973
Denmark, Ireland, and the UK are added to the union
June 7, 1979 - June 10, 1979
First time in history that the citizen directly elect members of European Parliament and the Parliament's influence continues to increase.
January 1, 1981
EU expands to 10, as Greece joins the union
January 1, 1986
EU expands to include Spain and Portugal
Single European Act
February 17, 1986
Works to standardize national boarder regulations, gives European Parliament more power, and strengthens powers of Environmental protection within the union
Fall of the Berlin Wall
Berlin wall falls, symbolism the fall of communism as huge populations of Eastern European individuals pour into the west (and East Germany joins the EU)
Treaty on EU
February 7, 1992
Treaty signed to move toward a single currency and establish foreign and security policies. The name "European union" finally replaces "European Community"
January 1, 1993
A single unified market is finally realized with free movement of people, goods, and most services.
January 1, 1995
EU expands to include Austria, Finland, and Sweden, now consisting of 15 members and almost all of Western Europe
January 1, 1999
The Euro is introduced in 11 countries ( Belgium, Germany, Spain, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Austria, Portugal and Finland; Greece joins two years later) for commercial and financial transactions
May 1, 2004
EU expands to include Eastern European countries including Czech Republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Slovenia and Slovakia
October 29, 2004
The 25 countries sign a treaty establishing a EU Constitution in an effort to stream-line democratic decision making and designate a European Foreign Minister
January 1, 2007
Bulgaria and Romania join the EU, bringing the coalition to 27 members.
Worldwide Economic Crisis
September 2008 marks the fall of the world economy and necessitates closer economic cooperation within countries of the European Union