In 1919, Mussolini created a new political group, the Fascio di Combattimento, or League of Combat.
In the early 1920s, Benito Mussolini established the first European Fascist movement in Italy.
In 1924, Trotsky held the post of commissar of war, while Stalin was the general secretary for the party.
In the 1930's, Stalin's mania for power also led him to purge, or remove, all opponents--or imagined opponents--from Soviet life.
Led by General Francisco Franco, Spanish military forces revolted against the democratic government in 1936.
The Spanish Civil War came to an end when Franco's forces captured Madrid in 1939.
In 1922, Lenin and the communists formally created a new state called the Union of Societ Socialist republics, which is also known as the USSR, or as the Soviet Union.
Lenin died in 1924.
Between 1928 and 1937, during the first two Five-Year-Plans, steel production in Russia increased from 4 million to 18 million tons per year.
By 1930, 10 million peasant households had been collectivized, (eliminated).
By 1939, France and Great Britain were the only two major European states that remained democratic.
By the end of the summer of 1933, only seven months after being appointed chancellor, Hitler had established the basis for a totalitarian state.
In 1920 and 1921, Mussolini formed bands of black-shirted, armed Fascists called squadristi or Blackshirts
In 1926, the Fascists outlawed all other political parties in Italy and established a secret police, known as the OVRA.