Greeks invented an athletic game to honor their Gods. Wars were put on hold so people could travel easily. Women were not allowed to watch the game,and only Greek nationals were allowed to participate.
At Olympia there were 4 different types of races; The first was stadion, the oldest event of the Games, where runners sprinted for 1 stade, the length of the stadium. The other races were a 2-stade race, and a long-distance run which ranged from 7 to 24 stades.The fourth type of race involved runners wearing full amor, which was 2-4 stade race , used to build up speed and stamina for military purposes.
On other days, wrestling, boxing, and the pancratium, a combination of the two, were held. In wrestling, the aim was to throw the opponent to the ground three times, on either his hip, back or shoulder. In ancient Greek wrestling biting and genital holds were illegal.