Birth of Isaac Newton in Woolsthorpe, England
Hannah Newton remarries and moves away, leaving her son to be raised by an uncle.
Charles I beheaded by Cromwell and the Puritans.
Death of Hannah's second husband; she returns to live with Isaac, bringing three children with her from her second marriage.
Newton enrolls in the Grantham Grammar School
Death of Cromwell
Charles II crowned King of England, Restoration begins
Newton enrolls in Trinity College, Cambridge
Founding of the Royal Society
Newton receives his bachelor of arts from Trinity College
Fire in London. Outbreak of plague drives Newton to retire to his mother's home in Woolsthorpe. Newton conducts prism experiments, discovers spectrum of light; works out his system of "fluxions," precursor of modern calculus; begins to consider the idea of gravity
Newton appointed Lucasian Chair of Mathematics at Trinity, a position he will hold for the next thirty-four years
Newton works on the mathematics of gravitation in his home in Cambridge.
Newton elected to the Royal Society
Newton's paper on optics and his prism experiments sent to the Society. Rivalry with Hooke begins.
Hooke writes book in which he suggests existence of "attractive powers," akin to gravity.
Death of Hannah Newton
Hooke discusses principle of inverse squares with Christopher Wren and Halley
Halley goes to visit Newton in Cambridge, where they discuss the principle inverse squares and its relationship with planetary orbits
Newton completes his calculations on gravity and shares them with Halley, who urges him to publish.
Newton sends a brief treatise, Propositiones de Motu, to the Royal Society, outlining his findings
Newton presents the first book of the Principia to the Royal Society
Publication of the complete Principia
Glorious Revolution in England. James II flees to France, William and Mary take the throne
Newton elected as Cambridge's representative to Parliament
Newton's "Black Year." He is plagued by depression and insomnia, and apparently suffers a nervous breakdown in September.
Newton appointed warden of the Mint, to oversee the implementation of a new currency. He leaves Cambridge and moves to London
Newton named master of the Mint.
Death of Hooke; Newton elected President of the Royal Society
Publication of Opticks; beginning of feud with Leibniz.
Newton knighted by Queen Anne.
Royal Society commission, under Newton's direction, investigates the competing claims of Leibniz and Newton to having developed calculus, and decides in favor of Newton.
Second edition of the Principia published.
Death of Leibniz
Third edition of the Principia published; all reference to Leibniz has been removed.
Death of Sir Isaac Newton, in London.