Announced the 13 American Colonies were independent states from Great Britain.
Dred Scott, a slave, asked the court for freedom because he was moved to a slavery-free state.
Two main rulings:
1. African Americans were not citizens, and therefore had no standing to sue in federal court.
2. Federal government had no power to regulate slavery in any territory acquire subsequent creation of the United States
Issued by Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War that proclaimed all slaves in the South were free.
Outlaws slavery and involuntary servitude
African Americans can be citizens of the US.
African Americans can vote
"Separate but equal."
Segregation was constitutional as long as it was equal.
Civil Rights organization that played a pivotal role for African-Americans in the Civil Rights Movement.
Abolished racial discrimination in the armed forces
Established that separate public schools for black and white students is unconstitutional.
An African-American boy who was murdered in Mississippi at the age of 14 after reportedly flirting with a white woman.
Parks refused to give up her seat in the colored section to a white passenger in Montgomery, Alabama. She was arrested.
Political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama.
A group of African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957, in which they were initially racially segregated from.
The SCLC is an African-American civil rights organization. Associated with its first president, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
A series of nonviolent protests in 1960 which led to Woolworth's department store chain reversing its policy of racial segregation.
One of the organizations of the American Civil Rights Movement. Emerged from a series of student meetings, and grew into a large organization with many supporters from the North.
Civil rights activists who rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States to challenge the non-enforcement of the Supreme Court.
COFO was a coalition of the major Civil Rights Movement organizations operating in Mississippi.
An American civil rights movement figure, writer, and a political adviser. First African American student admitted to the segregated University of Mississippi.
An open letter written by Martin Luther King, Jr.
Defends the strategy of nonviolent resistance to racism arguing that people have a moral responsibility to break unjust laws.
Medgar Evans- an African-American civil rights activist from Mississippi. He was assassinated. He was a veteran, so he got full military honors.
Public speech by Martin Luther King Jr. He called for an end to racism in the US.
One of the largest political rallies for human rights in United States history. "I have a dream" speech.
An act of racially motivated terrorism. Killed four girls, marked a turning point in the Civil Rights Movement.
Outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religions minorities, and women.
Established requirements for non-discriminatory practices in hiring and employment on the part of U.S government contractors.
An African-American revolutionary socialist organization active in the US.
A police raid of unlicensed, after-hours bar. Police confrontations with patrons and observers on the street evolved into one of the deadliest and most destructive riots in U.S. history.
First African-American Supreme Court Justice.
Assassinated at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis. Killed by James Earl Ray.