In this treaty, Japan promised to respect China's borders.
In this pact, Japan renounced war.
Many Japanese citizens blamed the government, and military leaders gained control of the country.
Japan set up a puppet government, controlling what Manchuria produced: mostly iron and coal.
Japan was better equipped and trained than China, and Jiang Jieshi was forced to retreat and set up a new capital, Chongqing, in western China.