APUSH Post WWII timeline

Presidents & years served

Truman

04/12/1945 - 01/20/1953

Eisenhower

01/20/1953 - 01/20/1961

JFK

01/20/1961 - 11/22/1963

LBJ

11/22/1963 - 01/20/1969

Nixon

01/20/1969 - 08/09/1974

GF

08/09/1974 - 01/20/1977

Carter

01/20/1977 - 01/20/1981

Reagan

01/20/1981 - 01/20/1989

BushS

01/20/1989 - 01/20/1993

Clinton

01/20/1993 - 01/20/2001

BushJ

01/20/2001 - 01/20/2009

Political

HUAC

1938

House of Un-American Activities Committee was an investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives. It was created in 1938 to investigate alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens, public employees, and those organizations suspected of having Communist ties

G.I. Bill

1944

Helped veteran soldiers of WWII by paying for their bills for the rest of their life, paying for their education, and many more things which was a reward for

Marshall Plan

04/1948

American program to aid Europe, in which the United States gave economic support to help rebuild European economies after the end of World War II in order to prevent the spread of Soviet Communism

People's Republic of China

1949

This was the split between Communist (Beijing) and Anti-Communist China (Taiwan). PR of China was led by Mao Zedong.

Brown V. Board of Education of Topeka

1954

A large and controversial Supreme Court case that ruled allowed black children to attend white schools instead of segregated schools. (Segregation slowly stopping)

Highway Act

1956

With an original authorization of 25 billion dollars for the construction of 41,000 miles (66,000 km) of the Interstate Highway System supposedly over a 10-year period, it was the largest public works project in American history through that time. One of the most important things that Eisenhower did in his presidency.

Yates v. United States

1957

Supreme Court ruled in this case that radical media was allowed unless it threatened safety.

U-2 Incident

05/01/1960

U.S. plane sent to spy on S.U. Shot down by S.U. and ruined relations between the two countries

24th Amendment

1962

prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax.

Gideon v. Wainright

1963

the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that state courts are required under the Fourteenth Amendment to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants who are unable to afford to pay their own attorneys, extending the identical requirement made on the federal government under the Sixth Amendment.

JFK assasination

11/22/1963

JFK was assasinated by being shot with a rifle through the head. He was visiting Houston.

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

1964

Gave LBJ the power, even though that there was no declaration of war, to do whatever he wanted with conventional military in Southeast Asia (blank check)

Civil Rights Act of 1964

1964

landmark piece of civil rights legislation in the United States[1] that outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and also women.[2] It ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, at the workplace and by facilities that served the general public (known as "public accommodations").

Tet Offensive

01/30/1968

North Korea & Viet Cong campaigns on a number of surprise attacks to attack South Vietnam in many places in South Vietnam when no attacks should have taken place.

Vietnamization

1969

A policy by LBJ that would let the U.S. train South Vietnamese soldiers in fighting tactics and how to protect themselves during the war while slowly pulling out the U.S. soldiers from Vietnam

Pentagon Papers

1971

Government papers leaked by Daniel Ellsberg and was put into the New York Times newspaper. Revealed many secrets that the government kept from the general public.

Roe v. Wade

1973

The abortion case. Largely controversial because abortion was illegal before this case and it went against women's rights.

Genocide in Cambodia

1975 - 1979

U.S. was secretly in Cambodia killing innocent people

Indian Self-Determination Act

1975

The Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975 (Public Law 93-638) authorized the Secretaries of the Department of Interior, Health, Education and Welfare and some other government agencies to enter into contracts with, and make grants directly to, federally recognized Indian tribes. The tribes would have authority for how they administered the funds, which gave them greater control over their welfare

Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

03/08/1979

Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty, formally Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapons Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space, and Under Water, treaty signed in Moscow on Aug. 5, 1963, by the United States, the Soviet Union, and the United Kingdom that banned all tests of nuclear weapons except those conducted underground.

Strategic Defense Initiative

03/23/1983

The Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) was proposed by U.S. President Ronald Reagan on March 23, 1983,[1] to use ground-based and space-based systems to protect the United States from attack by strategic nuclear ballistic missiles.

Environmental Protection Act

1990

The Environmental Protection Act 1990 (initialism: EPA) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that as of 2008 defines, within England and Wales and Scotland, the fundamental structure and authority for waste management and control of emissions into the environment.

Clinton Impeachment Trial

1998

Bill Clinton, 42nd President of the United States, was impeached by the House of Representatives on two charges, one of perjury and one of obstruction of justice, on December 19, 1998. Two other impeachment articles, a second perjury charge and a charge of abuse of power, failed in the House. The charges arose from the Lewinsky scandal and the Paula Jones lawsuit.

Bush v. Gore

2000

There was an issue in the 2000 election with counting the electoral votes in Florida. This case was taken to the Supreme Court who ruled in favor of Bush (gave him the electoral votes of Florida)

Social

Balkan Wars

1912 - 1913

By the early 20th century, Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro and Serbia had achieved independence from the Ottoman Empire, but large parts of their ethnic populations remained under Ottoman rule. In 1912, these countries formed the Balkan League. The First Balkan War broke out when the League attacked the Ottoman Empire on 8 October 1912 and was ended seven months later by the Treaty of London. After five centuries, the Ottoman Empire lost virtually all of its possessions in the Balkans.
The Second Balkan War broke out on 16 June 1913. Bulgaria was dissatisfied over the division of the spoils in Macedonia, made in secret by its former allies, Serbia and Greece, and attacked them. The Serbian and Greek armies repulsed the Bulgarian offensive and counter-attacked into Bulgaria, while Romania and the Ottoman Empire also attacked Bulgaria and gained (or regained) territory. In the resulting Treaty of Bucharest, Bulgaria lost most of the territories it had gained in the First Balkan War.

Iron Curtain

1945

The Soviet Union trying to separate part of Europe from the rest of the world. (slowly taking over each country to be communist)

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

1954

When the decision was made to allow black students to go to white schools, many whites were angry and there was huge riots and controversy about this that the black students had to be escorted into and throughout the school so that they would not get hurt.

Montgomery Bus Boycott

1955 - 1956

A bus boycott by whites and blacks where the blacks sat in the front and the whites sat in the back. This was to stop oppression and racism towards segregation between whites and colored people.

Suez Canal Crisis

1956

was a diplomatic and military confrontation in late 1956 between Egypt on one side, and Britain, France and Israel on the other, with the United States, the Soviet Union, and the United Nations playing major roles in forcing Britain, France and Israel to withdraw.

Highway Act

1956

The highways separated the wealthy and the poor.

Hungarian Revolt

1956

The revolt of the Hungarians against their communist government (taken over by the S.U.) (the U.S. never helped)

Yates v. U.S.

1957

The press could do whatever they want and be out of control as long as they weren't endangering anyone's safety.

Sputnik

10/1957

A satellite launched by the S.U. that scared the U.S. out of it's socks. This was the beginning of the space race and a higher science education in the U.S.

U-2 Incident

05/01/1960

Relations between the U.S. and the S.U. had become even more ruined.

Peace Corps

03/01/1961

The Peace Corps is a volunteer program run by the United States government. The stated mission of the Peace Corps includes three goals: providing technical assistance; helping people outside the United States to understand American culture; and helping Americans to understand the cultures of other countries

Bay of Pigs

04/17/1961

Largest Cuban revolt against their government.

Cuban Missile Crisis

10/1962

The U.S. got involved in an issue to stop Cuba and the Soviet Union from launching missiles in Cuba.

The Feminine Mystique

1963

People gave this book the credit of sparking the feminine movement.

Civil Rights Act of 1964

1964

Gave many groups rights and that they wouldn't be discriminated upon.

Watt Riots

1965

Many were angry because this issue was a race issue. (2 black men driving pulled over because white police officer thought they were drunk. Mother came and then officer proceeded in beating them both).

Medicare/Medicaid

1965

Medicare is a national social insurance program, administered by the U.S. federal government since 1965, that guarantees access to health insurance for Americans ages 65 and older and younger people with disabilities as well as people with end stage renal disease (Medicare.gov, 2012) and persons with Lou Gehrig’s Disease

My Lai

03/16/1968

Society in America was angry because the U.S. soldiers in Vietnam never received orders to do anything to the town of My Lai (it was a massacre.)

Stonewall Riots

1969

The riots by gays and lesbians for equal rights.

Kent State

05/04/1970

May 4 massacre in which college students were protesting against the Vietnam war. The national guard was sent in and killed plus injured several students.

Pentagon Papers

1971

The people were angry that the government kept so many secrets from them that it most likely caused public doubts of the government and government decisions.

Roe v. Wade

1973

Women's rights took a hit because women were not allowed to decide their own life decisions.

Genocide in Cambodia

1975 - 1979

The people were angry that the government had kept this a secret from them.

Indian Self-Determination Act

1975

Could now be able to do things on their own with the help of the government.

Camp David Accords

09/17/1978

Was Carter's way of bringing peace upon the relations between Israel and Egypt.

Iran Hostage Crisis

11/04/1979 - 01/20/1981

was a diplomatic crisis between Iran and the United States. Fifty-two Americans were held hostage for 444 days (November 4, 1979 to January 20, 1981), after a group of Islamist students and militants supporting the Iranian Revolution took over the American Embassy in Tehran.

Environmental Protection Act

1990

It was an act to protect the environment, the very few of its kind.

Soviet Union Breakup

1991

The Soviet Union broke up in 1991. It was no longer a union but separate countries leading themselves.

Oklahoma City Bombing

04/19/1995

was a domestic terrorist bomb attack on the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in downtown Oklahoma City on April 19, 1995. It would remain the most destructive act of terrorism on American soil until the September 11, 2001 attacks.

Economic

G.I. Bill

1944

Paid for much of the WWII veterans life expenses (bills, health care, house, schooling, etc.)

Marshall Plan

04/1948

Helped other countries financially to revolt against communists trying to take over their countries (so that they can be free)

Gideon v. Wainright

1963

Allowed people who did not have money to be represented in court for free, although, it is not the most reliable thing since the court offers the lawyer and may be biased.

Three MIle Island

03/28/1979

A nuclear power plant explosion in Pennsylvania. Many had to be evacuated from the area and there was a huge loss of profit.

Introduction of the EURO

1999

New currency for Europe.

Span of

Cold War

02/04/1945 - 12/1991

Korean War

06/25/1950 - 07/27/1953

Vietnam War

11/01/1955 - 04/30/1975

Great Society

1962 - 1968

Watergate

06/17/1972 - 08/09/1974

Gulf War

08/02/1990 - 02/28/1991

Iraq War

02/20/2003 - 12/18/2011

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