Religion 351

People

Papias

100 - 200

oral tradition

Spinoza

1632 - 1677

meaning > truth

Reimarus

1698 - 1768

rationalist

Jefferson

1743 - 1826

Jefferson Bible

Herder

1744 - 1803

Spirit of Volks

Paulus

1761 - 1851

rationalist perception

Hegel

1770 - 1831

absolute idealism / Spirit

Baur

1794 - 1860

Tendenz Criticism

Strauss

1808 - 1874

"Life of Jesus Critically Examined"

Renan

1823 - 1892

"Life of Jesus"

Weiss

1863 - 1914

form criticism / Q / eschatology

Schweitzer

1875 - 1965

eschatology & ethics

Bultmann

1884 - 1976

form criticism + demythology = kerygma (preaching)

Chagall

1887 - 1985

Jewish/abstract

Kasemann

1906 - 1990

Criteria of Authenticity

Sanders

1937 - Present

Jesus, a Jew

Goodacre

1967 - Present

No Q, no embarrassment, no double dissimilarity, no multiple attestation

Events

Religion Wars

1600 - 1700

Protestants vs Catholics, disagreed on interpretation of Bible

Enlightenment Bible

1650 - 1750

Strip Bible to its moral code, religious authority --> cultural authority