Leaders hold a convention to draw up a state constitution of California. This constitution excludes all African Americans. The Californians, mainly northerners, did not want to compete with slave labor or have free blacks live there.
California's application for statehood would tip the balance of free and slave states . In the next decade, the issue of slavery in lands won from Mexico would grow increasingly bitter. Westward expansion would be a major factor in the starting of the Civil War.