AP World History Review

Chapters 5+6

China

Legalism

221 b.c. - 206 b.c.

Ching Dynasty, first time legalism was used as an effective policy in gov't

Daoism

206 b.c. - 220 a.d.

Han Dynasty
Ideology for the yellow turban rebellion

Confucianism

206 b.c. - 220 a.d.

Han Dynasty
Confucius 551-479 b.c.e.

Civil Service Exam

124 b.c. - Present

Used to select officials
Created by Emperor Wu Di
30,000 students by the end of the Han Dynasty

Confucian Schools Established

124 bce - 1900 ce

Established by Emperor Wu Di
Private schools where kids were tested

Farmers v.s Landowners

100 b.c.

Small-scale peasant farmers had been displaced by large landowners and tenant farmers

Ban Zhao

45 a.d. - 116

Woman writer
Reinforced women's inferiority with birth rituals (footbinding, etc.)

Yellow Turban Rebellion

184 a.d.

Peasants attempted to create a golden age of equality

Tang Dynasty

618 - 907

Women regarded as able to handle legal and business affairs, even to ride horses

Empress Wu

690 - 705

Wang Mang Reforms

8 - 24

Nationalized private estates and distributed them to the landless
Limited the amount of land a family could own
ended private slavery
Ended when he was assassinated

Mediterranean Basin

Slavery

1750 b.c.

Slavery established by Hammurabi
The Old South is often compared to Rome because of the amount of slaves

Greek Women

700 b.c. - 400 b.c.

Limitations increased
Excluded from public life
Represented by a guardian in law: not even named in court proceedings
Position justified in terms of natural "inadequacy" compared to males
Restricted to home: separate from males
Married between 10-15 years old
Role in life: domestic management and bearing sons
Land passed to male heirs
Wen could only manage small contracts

Greco-Persian Wars

500 b.c. - 479 b.c.

Aspasia

470 b.c. - 400 b.c.

Mistress of Pericles
Noted for learning and wit

Greek Rationalism

470 b.c. - 322 b.c.

Socrates, Aristotle, Plato
Influenced British thought during the pre-industrial revolution along with polytheistic traditions

Spartacus

73 b.c.

Most famous slave rebellion all of Rome
Attracted about 120,000 rebellious slaves
Eventual military defeat
Resulted in the crucifixion of 6,000 slaves

Jesus

4 b.c. - 32 a.d.

St. Paul

0 a.d. - 100 a.d.

Prophet of Christianity after the death of Jesus Christ

Christianity in Rome

380 a.d.

Main religion of the Roman Empire as decreed by Constantine

Christian Church Split

553 a.d.

Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic
Along with Western Rome and Byzantium

India

Hinduism

800 b.c. - Present

Compilation of the Upanishads 800-400 b.c.e.
Theravada
Mahayana
Bhagavad Gita - much beloved text

Buddha

563 b.c. - 483 b.c.

Class System

500 b.c.

Clear belief that society was divided into four great classes (varna), with position determined by birth.

Buddhism

500 b.c. - Present

Got to China in the 3 rd century c.e.

Reign of Ashoka

268 b.c. - 232 b.c.

Middle East

Judaism officially established

1000 b.c.

Hebrew province started

Hebrew prophets

800 b.c. - 500 b.c.

Zoroaster

600 b.c - 500 b.c.

Zoroastrianism

558 b.c. - 330 b.c.

Achaemenid Dynasty
Persian empire
Present day Iran