The Rise of Dictatorial Regimes

Main

Lenin dies

1924

Lenin died in 1924.

The Rise of Dictators

Democratic States

1939

By 1939, only two European states, France and Great Britain remained democratic.

Fascism in Italy

League of Combat

1919

In 1919, Mussolini created a new political group called League of Combat.

First European Fascist movement

1920

In the early 1920's, Benito Mussolini established the first European state in Italy.

Rise of Fascism

Squadristi

1920 - 1921

In 1920 and 1921, Mussolini formed bands of black shirted armed Fascist called "squeadristi"

Mussolini

1922

By 1922, Mussolinis movement was growing quickly.

Secret Police

1926

In 1926, the Fascist outlawed all other political parties in Italy and established a secret police,known as the OVRA.

A New Era in the Soviet Union

Famine

1920 - 1922

Once the war was over, peasants began to sabotage the communist program by hoarding food. The situation worsened when a drought caused a famine between 1920 and 1922.

Industrial output

1921

By 1921, industrial output was only 20% of its 1913 level.

Authoritarian states in the west

Francisco Franco

1936

General Francisco Franco, a Spanish military forces revolted against the democratic government in 1936.

Spanish Civil War

1939

The Spanish Civil War came to an end when Franco's force captured Madrid in 1939.