Australian History

Main

Indigenous Australia

1600

James Cook & the Endeavor expedition

19 April 1770

Discovered Tasmania His expedition became the first recorded Europeans to have encountered its eastern coastline.

The British first fleet & Governor Arthur Philip

1788

British naval officer who was appointed the first governor of the first European colony on New South Wales. Commanded the First Fleet to Australia and was the founder of the city of Sydney.

Blaxland, Lawson & Wentworth

1813

In 1813, following several attempts by others, Blaxland, Lawson and Wentworth found a passage to the western plains by following the top of a ridge.

Batman and Fawkner establish a settlement, now the city of Melbourne

1835

Both Batman and Fawkner settled in the new town, which had several interim names, including Batville, before being officially named Melbourne in honor of the British Prime Minister, Lord Melbourne, in March 1837.

The Victorian Gold Rush

1851 - 1860

From 1851 to 1896 the Victorian Mines Department reported that a total of 61,034,682 oz of gold was mined in Victoria. In 10 years, the Australian population nearly tripled.

The Eureka Stockade

3 December 1854

The Battle of Eureka Stockade was fought between miners and the Colonial forces of Australia on 3 December 1854 at Eureka Lead. The Eureka Stockade is regarded as the birthplace of Australian democracy. Despite its apparent failure, the Eureka Stockade gained the attention of the Government. A Commission of Enquiry followed and changes were made. These included abolishing the monthly gold licenses, which were replaced by an affordable annual miner's license. There were fewer troopers on the goldfields, and intrusive license spot-checks ceased.

Sydney and Melbourne linked by electric telegraph

1858

By 1858 Sydney and Melbourne were linked by electric telegraph, and a telegraph line opened between Hobart Town and Launceston.

Australian rules football codified

17 May 1859

The oldest surviving set of rules of Australian rules football were drawn up on 17 May 1859, three days after the formation of the Melbourne Football Club.

Burke and Wills Expedition

1860 - 1861

Robert O'Hara Burke and William John Wills led an expedition of 19 men with the intention of crossing Australia from Melbourne to the Gulf of Carpentaria

The last convicts transported to Australia

1868

The last convicts to be transported to Australia arrived in Western Australia in 1868.

Uluru first sighted by Europeans and named Ayers Rock

1872

Uluru was first named ‘Ayers Rock’ by Ernest Giles, a European explorer who first sighted the rock in 1872. The name Ayers Rock was chosen by Giles who named it after the South Australian Premier at the time, Sir Henry Ayers.

The last full blooded Tasmanian aboriginal, Truganini dies

8 May 1876

Truganini is often considered to be the last full-blood speaker of a Tasmanian language.

Ned Kelly Hanged

11 November 1880

He was convicted of three counts of willful murder and hanged at Old Melbourne Gaol in November 1880.

South Australia grants women the right to vote

18 December 1894

Federation

January 1 1901

The Federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British self-governing colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia formed one nation. The colonies formed a new level of government known as the Federal Government.

Women get the right to vote in federal election

1926

Australian women who were British subjects, 21 years and older, gained the right to vote women were able to both vote and stand for all Houses of Parliament in all parts of the Commonwealth. The right to vote and sit in Parliament was confined to men and women over the age of 21 years.