Cold War Timeline

Arms Race (U.S.)

Servicemen's Readjustment act (GI Bill) was passed

1944

Defeat of Germany and Japan

1945

The United Nations was established

1945

Creation of the A-Bomb

August 6, 1945

U.S. dropped an A-Bomb on Hiroshima, Japan.

(Manhattan Project)

Churchill delivers his "iron curtain" speech

1946

Employment Act created the Council of Economic Advisers

1946

George Kennan sends his "long telegram"

1946

Truman Doctine was announced

1947

Marshall Plan began providing economic aid to Europe

1947

Selective Service is established

1948

Berlin airlift overcomes the Soviet blockade

1948

NATO is formed

1949

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Department of Defense is established

1949

The Red hunt began

1950

Senator McCarthy put fear into many communists with the Red hunt, also known as the "Second Red Scare" or "McCarthyism"

NSC-68 is drafted and accepted by the U.S. policy

1950

Senate Internal Security Subcommittee began it's hearings

1951

Also known as the Special Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws.

Tested hydrogen bomb

1952

U.S.'s first H-Bomb

November 1, 1952

The U.S. had developed the first H-Bomb named "Mike"

MRIV systems were developed

1968

Space Race (Soviet)

Sputnik was put in orbit

October 4, 1956

NASA is formed

October 1, 1958

Alexei Leonov is the first to spacewalk.

March 18, 1965

Arms Race (Soviet)

Communists stage coup in Czechoslovakia

1948

Communist Chinese defeat Nationalists.

1949

Soviet Union tests an atomic bomb

1949

Berlin Blockade gets lifted

May 12, 1949

Korean War began

1950

Soviet's first H-Bomb

August 12, 1953

Soviets developed their first H-Bomb.

Space Race (U.S.)

The Gemini Program was announced by NASA

December 7, 1961

John Glenn orbits the Earth three times.

February 20, 1962

Ed White does America's first spacewalk

June 3, 1965

Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin become the first men to walk on the Moon

June 20, 1969