Historical Events of the 20th Century

Todd Tomasko - History 2312 - Timeline 3 - Spring 2013

Political Events / Conflicts (Red)

Boxer Rebellion (China)

1899

Boer War

1899

President McKinley Assassinated

1901

Russo-Japanese War

1904

Russian Revolution (Duma Created)

1905

Mexican Revolution

1910

Archduke Ferdinand Assissinated

June 28, 1914

(Sarajevo)

WW I Begins

July 28, 1914

Russian Revolutions

1917

U.S. enters WW I

1917

Treaty of Versailles ends WW I

1918

Fascism in Italy

1922

Mussolini's march on Rome

Mussolini March on Rome

1922

King Vittorio Emmanuel III asks Mussolini to form a new government as prime minister.

Lateran Treaty

1929

Treaty between Pope Pius XI and Mussolini

Hitler Appointed Chancellor

1933

Adolf Hitler Appointed Chancellor of Germany

WW II Begins

1939

Japanese Attack Pearl Harbor

December 7, 1941

U.S. Drops Atomic Bombs

1945

Two bombs dropped. One on Hiroshima and one on Nagasaki

Germany Surrenders

1945

NATO Established

1949

Korean War Begins

1950

Japan Signs Treaty WW II Officially Over

1951

Vietnam Conflict

1956

Official records indicate the first American KIA was on June 8, 1956.

Hungarian Revolution

1956

Castro Dictator Cuba

1959

Bay of Pigs Invasion

1961

Cuban Missle Crisis

1962

JFK Assassinated

1963

Six-Day War (Middle East)

1967

Khmer Rouge Take Over Cambodia

1975

Vietnam War Ends

1975

Officially war ends with the fall of Saigon. The main U.S. military combat forces were reported to be in country from 1965-1973 however we did have a smaller number of key troops long before this date and there right up to the last minute in 1975.

Iraq invades Kuwait

1990

US War vs Iraq

1991

Liberate Kuwait

Yugoslavia Civil War

1992

Key People / Contributions (Blue)

Max Planck (Formulates Quantum Theory)

1900

Wright Brothers Make First Flight

December 17, 1903

Orville Wright flew the Flyer for 12 seconds over 120 feet of ground

Structure of Atom Discovered (Rutherford)

1911

Ernest Rutherford

Adolf Hitler "Mein Kampf"

1925

Penicillin Discovered (Fleming)

1928

Alexander Fleming

Scientists Split the Atom

1932

FDR Dies

1945

Ray Tomlinson Invents E-Mail

1972

Ray Tomlinson invents e-mail for sending messages between

Cooper Invents Cell Phone

1973

Martin Cooper at Motorola invents the first portable, wireless or "cellular" telephone

Roberts Invents Personal Computer

1974

Ed Roberts invents the first personal computer, the Altair 8800

Bill Gates Develops PC OS

1975

Founder and developer of Microsoft PC Operating System

Mockapetris Invents DNS

1983

Paul Mockapetris invents the Domain Name System for the Internet to classify Internet addresses through extensions such as .com

Alec Jeffreys Invents DNA Fingerprinting

1984

Alec Jeffreys in Britain invents the DNA fingerprint that can identify an individual

Cultural Events (Green)

Finland 1st Europe - Women Right Vote

1906

Spanish Flu Pandemic

1918

50 to 100 million dead worldwide

Bubonic Plague India

1921

Final Toll approx. 15 Million dead

BBC Begins Broadcasting

1922

Stalin Launches Great Purge

1934

South Africa Initiates Apartheid

1948

Ghandi Assassinated

1948

Berlin Wall Built

1961

Civil Rights Act Passed

1964

Malcolm X Assassinated

1965

Martin Luther King Jr. Assassinated

1968

Egyptian President Sadat Assassinated

1981

Egyptian president Sadat is assassinated by Islamic radicals for making peace with Israel

Berlin Wall Falls

1989

The Berlin wall falls and most communist governments of Eastern Europe fall, thus ending the Cold War

Economic / Exploration Events (Black)

Trans-Siberian RR Completed

1904

Machu Picchu Discovered

1911

U.S. Opens Panama Canal

1914

US Overtakes Europe in Total Industrial Output

1919

Great Depression Begins

1929

Japanese conquest Manchuria

1931

South Africa Granted Independence

1934

Japan invades China

1937

Dead Sea Scrolls Discovered

1947

Soviet Union Becomes Nuclear Power

1949

European Economic Community Founded

1957

China Becomes Nuclear Power

1964

India Becomes Nuclear Power

1974

Soviet Union Invades Afghanistan

1979

900k Dead Ethiopia Famine

1984

Soviets Launch Space Station

1986

The Soviet Union launches the MIR space station

Pakistan Becomes Nuclear Power

1998