Italy - Mussolini

War

WW1

1914 - 1918

The war leads to the growth of Nationalism in Italy.

Italy enters WW1

1915

Italy joins Allies and Mussolini is conscripted.

Caporetto

1917

Humiliating defeat at Caporetto

Vittorio Veneto

1918

Victory at Vittorio Veneto

WW2

1939 - 1945

Outbreak of Second World War but Italy is too weak to join initially.

Main

Unification of Italy

1861

Birth of Mussolini

1883

Mussolini editor of Avanti

1912

Avanti = Socialist Newspaper

Il Popolo d'Italia

1914

Mussolini leaves Avanti (gets kicked out because he believes in the War and Socialists don't) and founds Il Popolo d'Italia

No territory

1919

Italy fails to gain territory expected following the Paris Peace Conference.

Fasci di Combattimento

03/01/1919

Mussolini forms 'Fasci di Combattimento' or 'League of Combat' in front of a crowd in Milan

Capture of Fiume

09/01/1919

Gabrielle d'Annunzio captures Fiume and establishes a State that inspires Fascist Italy.

No seats won

11/01/1919

Fascists fail to win any seats in the election

Fascism gaining support

1920

Fascism starts to win support across the Po valley and the northern regions.

Northern Strikes

08/01/1920

Strikes in northern cities; climax of biennio rosso

35 seats won

05/01/1921

Fascists win 35 seats in election

Mussolini is PM

1922

The King appoints Mussolini Prime minister of Italy. This is followed by the symbolic March on Rome, which fascist propaganda presents as the seizure of power.

Acerbo Law

1923

Mussolini as Prime Minister passes a new electoral law that allows him to win a majority in the election. This gives him power to rule without the constraint of other parties.

Matteotti Murder

1924

The Italian society deputy Giacomo Matteotti is murdered by Fascists.

Totalitarian Government

1925

Mussolini refers to the new 'totlaitarian' government of Italy. Other political parties are banned and the Vidoni Pact bans strikes.

Lateran Treaty

1929

The Lateran Treaty between the Italian State and the Pope wins Mussolini the support of Italian Catholics.

Abyssinia

1936

Italian victory in Abyssinia leads Mussolini to announce that Rome is once more the heart of a great empire.

Anti-Semitic Legislations

1938

Italy introduces anti-Semitic legislation as a result of the growing influence of Nazi Germany.

Chamber of Fasces

1939

The Italian parliament is replaced by the Chamber of Fasces and Corporations.

Italy enters WW2

1940

Invasion of Soviet Union

1941

Hitler invades the Soviet Union and Italy fights alongside him.

Defeat

1945

Final defeat of totalitarian Italy and Germany. The Soviet Union emerges victorious from WW2