Preceded by the Civil War, abolitionism, etc...
"Legalized racism" through segregation
W.E.B. Du Bois had significant role as founder
The New Deal, from FDR's presidency didn't favor blacks as much due to FDR's concern of angering Southern whites
Leads to non-violent protests
NAACP fights for desegregation in schools via the Supreme Court, eventually overturning Plessy vs. Ferguson
Initiated by Rosa Parks after refusing to move to the back of the bus and lead by MLK, Jr. This caused a decline in profit for the bus companies.
Bus segregation was deemed unconstitutional under the Fourteenth Amendment protections for equal treatment. This ends The Montgomery Bus Boycott.
The Little Rock Nine were a group of African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957. The ensuing Little Rock Crisis, in which the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus, and then attended after the intervention of President Eisenhower.
An African-American civil rights organization founded after the bus boycott. SCLC was closely associated with its first president, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and had a heavy role in the Civil Rights Movement. (Non-violent)