The United States has always been a standardized model for freedom for the rest of the world. However, to whom did these freedoms apply to, and to which extent? Take a journey as we discover how African Americans gained their civil rights during the 20th Century through peaceful (and not so peaceful) protesting and fierce judicial court rulings.
President Truman signed the executive order 9981, which allowed equal opportunity and treatment to all persons in the military, regardless of race, nationality, or religion.
Abolished poll taxes (made voting difficult for blacks in the South)
President Lyndon Johnson signed this act, which banned "racial discrimination in most private facilities open to the public, including theaters, hospitals, and restaurants."
Made voting registration for blacks easier and more efficient.
Prohibited the discrimination in sale, rental, and financing of a house due to race.
Rosa Parks was asked to give up her seat in Montgomery, Alabama. She was sitting in the "white only" area and was promptly arrested when she refused.
"I'm tired of being treated like a second-class citizen" -Rosa Parks
Sparked by Rosa Parks, this motion was led by Martin Luther King Jr. to fight against desegregation and for Civil Rights
The Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee was formed through college sit ins (where blacks would refuse to get up when they were denied service in diners).
Freedom Riders would go on buses to protest segregation.
"...The life of the colored American is still sadly crippled by the manacle of segregation and the chains of discrimination" - Martin Luther King Jr
Huge supported of black separatism, a change of opinion led to his death through a shot by the Black Muslim Group.
"And so I'm happy tonight; I'm not worried about anything; I'm not fearing any man. Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord." -Martin Luther King Jr. His last speech.
Killed in his balcony at a hotel. Drove the cause even further, MLK acting as a martyr for integration.
Ruled that the segregation of public schools was not constitutional
An effect of the Brown v. Board of Education. Arkansas governor would not allow for these nine black students to attend Little Rock High School. This urged Eisenhower to intervene through troops to allow the students admission.
This caused for civil rights to become a giant morality question
The ruling held the Constitutional mandate to desegregate public schools and that all-white and all-black schools must not be produced from anti-integregation policies. Busing public school students was also a good way to support integration