British History

Periods

Monarchy (ENG)

William's father, Robert, died and William became Duke of Normandy

1035

Harold Godwineson held by William Duke of Normandy

1064

Harold Godwineson was shipwrecked off the coast of Normandy. Some historians believe that Duke William of Normandy held him captive until he had sworn on Holy Relics to enforce William's claim to the throne of England. Others believe that Harold offered his support willingly.

Duke of Normany William the Conquerer become William I of England

1066

William I Rules

1066 - 9/9/1087

William I Dies

9/9/1087

William died in France from wounds received at the siege of Mantes. He left Normandy to his eldest son, Robert Curthose. He left both his sword and the English crown to his second son William. William I was buried in St Stephen's Abbey, Caen, Normandy.

Henry I

1100 - 1135

Matilda

1135 - 1141

Stephen

1135 - 1154

Henry II Reign

19 December 1154 - 6 July 1189

Richard I

1189 - 1199

John I

1199 - 1216

Henry III

18 Oct 1216 - 16 Nov 1272

Henry III is Crowned at Westminster Abbey

28 Oct 1216

Edward I Longshanks

16 November 1272 - 7 July 1307

King Henry III dies at Westminster

16 Nov 1272

Edward II of Carnarvon

7 July 1307 - 20 January 1327

Edward III

1 February 1327 - 21 June 1377

Edward III Cornonation

1 February 1327

Richard II

22 June 1377 - 29 September 1399

Richard II Coronation

16 July 1377

Henry IV

30 September 1399 - 20 March 1413

Henry IV Coronation

13 October 1399

Henry V

21 March 1413 - 31 August 1422

Henry V Coronation

9 April 1413

Henry VI

31 August 1422 - 4 March 1461

Henry VI Coronation

6 November 1429

Edward IV

4 March 1461 - 3 October 1470

Henry Vi (2nd Reign)

30 October 1470 - 11 April 1471

Edward IV (2nd Reign)

11 April 1471 - 9 April 1483

Edward V

9 April 1483 - 26 June 1483

Richard III

26 June 1483 - 22 August 1485

Richard III Coronation

6 July 1483

Henry VII

22 August 1485 - 21 April 1509

Henry VII Coronation

30 October 1485

Henry VIII

21 April 1509 - 28 January 1547

Henry VIII Coronation

24 June 1509

Edward VI

28 January 1547 - 6 July 1553

Edward VI Coronation

20 February 1547

Lady Jane Grey

10 July 1553 - 19 July 1553

Mary I

19 July 1553 - 17 November 1558

Mary I Coronation

30 October 1553

Elizabeth I

17 November 1558 - 24 March 1603

Elizabeth I Coronotation

15 January 1559

James I

1603 - 1625

Charles I

1625 - 1649

Oliver Comwell rules the land

1649 - 1660

Charles II

1660 - 1689

James II

1685 - 1688

William III and Mary II

1688 - 1702

Anne I

1702 - 1714

George I

1714 - 1727

George II

1727 - 1760

George III

1760 - 1820

George IV

1820 - 1830

William IV

1830 - 1837

Victora I

1837 - 1901

Edward VII

1901 - 1910

George V

1910 - 1936

Edward VIII

1936

He fell in love with someone and married her so the people said he couldn't be King

George VI

1936 - 1952

Elizabeth II

1952 - Present

People Lives

Henry II

5 March 1133 - 6 July 1189

King Henry III

1 Oct 1207 - 11/16/1272

Edward I Longshanks

18 June 1239 - 7 July 1307

Sir William Wallace

1272 - 23 August 1305

Edward II of Carnarvon

25 April 1284 - 11 October 1327

Edward III

13 November 1312 - 21 June 1377

Henry IV

3 April 1366 - 20 March 1413

Richard II

6 January 1367 - 29 September 1399

Henry V

1386 - 31 August 1422

Henry VI

31 August 1422 - 21 May 1471

Edward IV

28 April 1442 - 9 April 1483

Richard III

2 October 1452 - 22 August 1485

Henry VII

28 January 1457 - 21 April 1509

Edward V

2 November 1470 - 1483

Henry VIII

28 June 1491 - 28 January 1547

Mary I

18 February 1516 - 17 November 1558

Elizabeth I

7 September 1533 - 24 March 1603

Lady Jane Grey

1537 - 12 February 1554

Edward VI

12 October 1537 - 6 July 1553

William Shakespeare

4/15/1564 - 23 April 1616

George Hannah IV

31 October 1940 - Present

Anne Hannah (nee Reed)

15 December 1944 - Present

George Hannah V

3 June 1969 - Present

Anna Hannah

14 August 1970 - Present

Sydney Hannah

6 May 1998 - Present

Daisie Hannah

29 April 2004 - Present

Wars and Battles

Battle of Hastings

10/14/1066

The battle took place at Senlac Hill. Harold ordered his Saxon army to make a shield wall at the top of the hill. William's army made the first attack but were held off by the shield wall. Successive attacks by the Normans continued to be held off by the shield wall. Some time later, however, some Saxons thought they heard a cry that William had been killed. The Saxon's believing that they had won the battle, broke the shield wall and chased the retreating Normans down the hill. This gave the Norman horseman the opportunity they had been waiting for. Charging into the Saxon foot soldiers they cut them down before riding up the hill to break the remnants of the shield wall.

The battle lasted all day and towards the end of the day Harold fell, popularly thought to be from an arrow in the eye, but actually from a sword blow wielded by a mounted Norman Knight. The English infantry was broken, William had won the battle. He gave thanks for victory by founding an altar and later an abbey at the place known afterwards as Battle.

Battle of Stirling Bridge

September 11, 1297

On September 11, 1297, Wallace won the Battle of Stirling Bridge. Although vastly outnumbered, the Scottish forces led by Wallace and Andrew Moray routed the English army. John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey's professional army of 3,000 cavalry and 8,000 to 10,000 infantry met disaster as they crossed over to the north side of the river. The narrowness of the bridge prevented many soldiers from crossing together (possibly as few as three men abreast), so while the English soldiers crossed, the Scots held back until half of them had passed and then killed the English as quickly as they could cross. The infantry were sent on first, followed by heavy cavalry. But the Scots' sheltron formations forced the infantry back into the advancing cavalry and in the general confusion the bridge collapsed, sending armoured knights to drown in the river below.

Battle of Falkirk

1 April 1298

Wallace lost the Battle of Falkirk. On 1 April 1298, the English invaded Scotland at Roxburgh. They plundered Lothian and regained some castles, but had failed to bring Wallace to combat. The Scots adopted a scorched earth policy in their own country, and English quartermasters' failure to prepare for the expedition left morale and food low, but Edward's search for Wallace would not end at Falkirk.

William Wallace Captured

5 August 1305

Wallace evaded capture by the English until 5 August 1305 when John de Menteith, a Scottish knight loyal to Edward, turned Wallace over to English soldiers at Robroyston near Glasgow. Wallace was transported to London and taken to Westminster Hall, where he was tried for treason and was crowned with a garland of oak to suggest he was the king of outlaws. He responded to the treason charge, "I could not be a traitor to Edward, for I was never his subject." With this, Wallace asserted that the absent John Balliol was officially his king. Wallace was declared guilty.

William Wallace Decapitated

23 August 1305

Following the trial, on 23 August 1305, Wallace was taken from the hall, stripped naked and dragged through the city at the heels of a horse to the Elms at Smithfield. He was hanged, drawn and quartered — strangled by hanging but released while he was still alive, eviscerated and his bowels burnt before him, beheaded, then cut into four parts. His preserved head (dipped in tar) was placed on a pike atop London Bridge.[14] It was later joined by the heads of the brothers, John and Simon Fraser. His limbs were displayed, separately, in Newcastle upon Tyne, Berwick-upon-Tweed, Stirling, and Aberdeen.

Edward II is murdered

11 October 1327

On the night of 11 October while lying on a bed [the king] was suddenly seized and, while a great mattress... weighed him down and suffocated him, a plumber's iron, heated intensely hot, was introduced through a tube into his anus so that it burned the inner portions beyond the intestines. — Thomas de la Moore.

Hundred Year Way

1337 - 1453

Battle of Les Espagnols sur Mer

29 August 1350

The naval Battle of Les Espagnols sur Mer ("the Spanish on the Sea"), or the Battle of Winchelsea, took place on 29 August 1350 and was a victory for an English fleet of 50 ships commanded by Edward III, with the Black Prince, over a Castilian fleet of 40 ships commanded by de la Cerda. Between 14 and 26 Castilian ships were captured, and some were sunk, while 2 English vessels were sunk and many suffered heavy losses.

Battle of Poitiers

19 September 1356

The result was a decisive French defeat, and a catastrophe for the nation. France was asked to pay a ransom equivalent to twice the country's yearly income to have the King returned. John, who was accorded royal privileges whilst being a prisoner, was permitted to return to France to try to raise the required funds. Dissatisfaction of the commons over this arrangement, and having to bear the burden of the ransom, shortly led to the Jacquerie Revolt. Following some time in France John subsequently handed himself back to the English, claiming to be unable to pay the ransom, and died a few months later. In many ways, Poitiers was a repeat of the battle of Crécy showing once again that tactics and strategy can overcome a disadvantage in numbers. As the Black Prince wrote shortly afterward in a letter to the people of London:

[I]t was agreed that we should take our way, flanking them, in such a manner that if they wished for battle or to draw towards us, in a place not very much to our disadvantage, we should be the first ... the enemy was discomfited, and the king was taken, and his son; and a great number of other great people were both taken and slain[.][3]

Ist World War

1914 - 1918

2nd World War

1939 - 1945

Daily Life

Henry VIII Starts Marrying

April 1506

Catherine Of Aragon

April 1506 - April 1533

Divorced

Anne Boleyn

Jan 1533 - May 1536

Beheaded

Jane Seymour

May 1536 - Oct 1537

Died

Anne Of Cleves

Jan 1540 - July 1540

Divorced

Catherine Howard

July 1540 - Feb 1541

Beheaded

Catherine Parr

July 1543 - Jan 1547

Survived

Henry VIII Stops Marrying

1547

The Gunpowder Plot

1605

The Great Plague

1665

The Great Plague

1666

The Fire of London

1666

England Wins World Cup For First Time

1966