Immigration to Australia

Main

First Fleet

01/26/1788

Australia Day / Invasion Day

Goldrush

1851

Goldrush era begins.
British & Irish settlers
Germans & other Europeans
Chinese immigrants

Federation

01/01/1901

Colonies joined to form a single nation

Immigration Restriction Policy

01/02/1901

White Australia Policy.
Dictation test commenced.

The Great Depression

1929 - 1932

Australia stopped accepting migrants

Immigration commenced again

1938

5000 Jewish refugee families from Germany arrived. Exempted from the dictation test.

WWII

1939 - 1945

Populate or Perish policy

1945

Immigration Policy by Arthur Calwell.
Hundreds of thousands of people emigrated from Commonwealth countries and later the Netherlands and Italy.
10 Pound Poms. Must be <45 and of sound health. Fares were subsidised.

Too many migrants!

1970

Gough Whitlams era.
Too many migrants for what Australia could accept.
Travel fare subsidies were abolished.

Border protection issue

2001 - 2013

Asylum seekers
September 11
Tampa affair
Children overboard

Pacific Solution

2007

detention camps on off-shore islands to process refugees before they are allowed into Australia.