Goldrush era begins.
British & Irish settlers
Germans & other Europeans
Colonies joined to form a single nation
Immigration Restriction Policy
White Australia Policy.
Dictation test commenced.
The Great Depression
1929 - 1932
Australia stopped accepting migrants
Immigration commenced again
5000 Jewish refugee families from Germany arrived. Exempted from the dictation test.
1939 - 1945
Populate or Perish policy
Immigration Policy by Arthur Calwell.
Hundreds of thousands of people emigrated from Commonwealth countries and later the Netherlands and Italy.
10 Pound Poms. Must be <45 and of sound health. Fares were subsidised.
Too many migrants!
Gough Whitlams era.
Too many migrants for what Australia could accept.
Travel fare subsidies were abolished.
Border protection issue
2001 - 2013
detention camps on off-shore islands to process refugees before they are allowed into Australia.