Timeline of the Middle Ages

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Charles the Great named Emperor

800 - 814

King Charlemagne was crowned as the first Holy Roman Emperor. This is important because it is the first recorded time that someone got the title of Holy Roman Emperor. While in office he became pretty obese. So then when he did he exploded out of his coffin.

Battle of Hastings

1066 - 1067

The Battle of Hastings was between Norman Conquest of England and Duke William II of Normandy. In the battle it is said that William II was shot in the eye. In the end it was the first and the last success invasion of Britain. Never again was Great Britain successfully taken over.

Pope Urban II Calls For the First Crusade

1095

Pope Urban II calls for the first crusade because the Turks and Muslims are terrorizing Romania. He also says, "... destroy the vile race from the land..." This is how strongly he felt about the Muslims and Turks.

The First Crusade

1096 - 1099

The first crusades started with all favors pointing toward the Turks. But when the Christians found lance that supposedly pierced Jesus’ side they got a new scene of hope and came back and pushed them out of their lands. This crusade stunned the whole world and was a turning point in the crusades.

European Capture of Jerusalem

1099

The Christian forces killed 70,000 Muslims that had already lived in the Christian cities. This was the first time Jerusalem had been taken over by a group of people. After this event, Jerusalem was fought over for many years before it was finally taken over for good by the Muslims.

The Second Crusade

1144 - 1150

In the second crusade over one million people were involved; this is the most people that got involved in any of the crusades. After this crusade people started to realize that they weren’t really fighting a holy war they were fighting for the Pope’s selfish desire. In this crusade Saladin built up an army and took back Jerusalem.

The Third Crusade

1189 - 1192

The third crusade included two great war leaders who had great respect for each other. The first being Richard the Lion Hearted who is described at the time period as “He was tall in stature, of shapely build, with hair between red and yellow. His limbs were straight and flexible; his arms somewhat long; he had long legs.” This was written at the time of the Third Crusade. The second person involved was Saladin; he was described as “No orphan ever came to him without Saladin offering to provide the same amount of care as his father had done. He treated old people kindly and generously.” This was written by Baha’ ad-Din Ibn, a Muslim writer who lived in the court of Saladin. This Crusade ended in a truce and split the holy land in two parts. This was the first time that people started pilgrimages.

The Fourth Crusade

1202 - 1204

Pope “not” innocent III excommunicated all who didn’t listen. He attacked the Christian city of Constantinople, and started looting and killing all the Christians. This resulted in the even further separation of the east and west.

The Children’ Crusade

1212

The Children’ Crusade had two main leaders. The first name was Nicholas of Germany it resulted in the emperor telling them to just got back home. But in the words of an old chronicler “even bolts and bars could not hold them back.” The second one was more rewarding they were praised the whole way down but it resulted with the emperor telling them to go back again. In the end the Children’ Crusade really put Christian belief back in the crusades.

The Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, and Eighth Crusades

1215 - 1272

These crusades all started because the taxes were raised to a penny a week which made each week harder for the peasants. What happened next could have resulted in the end of all the crusades. It was that Saladin’s nephew wanted the crusades to be over so he offered away the holy lands. To every one’s surprise the Pope said no and resulted in three more crusades after this one was done. The Fifth Crusade ended with the Christians picking a bad camping spot and getting washed away by a high tide. The result of all the crusades was the Muslims getting full control of the holy land and the Christians getting left with nothing.