David Hockney

- not a pop artist - one of 1st celebrity artists of 1960s -ordinary/humble beginnings - gay

Life events

born in Bradford

1937

Bradford Art School

1953 - 1957

National Service

1957 - 1959
  • medical orderly

Royal College of Art

1959 - 1962
  • later than Peter Blake

First trip to America

1961

visits california for 1st time

1963 - 1964
  • with Ozzie Clark (designer)
  • changed environment

spends year in California

1964

moves permanently to US

1966 - 1967

Paintings

'Doll Boy'

1960 - 1961
  • figure= Sir Cliff Richard
  • gay icon

'Adhesiveness'

1960
  • uses graffiti techniques to be discreet
  • Whitman's hat
  • 48=DH=David Hockney
  • 2323=WW=Walt Whitman

'Two Boys Together Clinging'

1961
  • largely avoids painting like Picasso
  • instead looks to Stanley Spencer, Jean DuBuffet (1901-85)
  • graffiti-esque work
  • painted in codes b/c homosexuality= illegal at time
  • raw style, art brut, naive
  • line from Walt Whitman poem

'Men Taking Shower'

1964
  • homosexual life in California that he can't have in Bradford
  • famous life

'Peter Getting out of Nick's Pool'

1966
  • idea of how to paint pools
  • in 80s obsessed w/ painting pools

'Beverly Hills Housewife'

1966

Betty Freeman
- met many collectors, dealers, and famous
- made 430 grants

'Lawn Sprinklers'

1967
  • made him famous in 1960s
  • clear, bright, geometric
  • using acrylic paint
  • clarity, hard edge nature

'American Collectors'

1968

Fred and Marcia Weisman
- jokey
- art collectors
- flat shapes, shadows, etc

'Isherwood and Bachardy'

1968

-Isherwood= influence on Cabaret, literary figure
Don Bachardy= 30 years younger

'Mr. and Mrs Clark and Percy'

1970 - 1971
  • all very trendy
  • wedding portrait
  • almost life size
  • marriage didnt last
  • both figures look at viewer
  • clear and crisp
  • large areas of colour
  • doors open
  • closest to Naturalism Hockney got

'Portrait of an Artist (Pool with two Figures)'

1971
  • John St. Clair & Peter Schlesanjer
  • not afriad of using modern technology

'Andy, Paris'

1974
  • crayon drawings
  • Hockney knew everyone

'A Rake's Progress' drop curtain

1975

-stage designs
inspired by engravings of William Hogarth

'Don & Christopher'

1982
  • Cubism style
  • collages on polaroid

'Other Side'

1992
  • 90s= abstract phase -cartoony

Exhibitions

1st one man show

1963
  • in Kasmin Gallery
  • Hockney made it famous