Henri Matisse

- only big rival to Picasso - interested in colour, Picasso in form - 11 years older than Picasso

Life Events

Born in Cambrai, Northern France

1869

died

1954

Paintings

'Le Bonheur de Vivre'

1905 - 1906
  • ideal world
  • no real depth of thought, about viewer's enjoyment -sensuous, about emotion

'Mountains at Collioure'

1905
  • becomes Fauvist and moves to Collioure
  • experimented w/ colour -exaggerated Impressionism

'Dance'

1908
  • one of his big collectors
  • direct trainlink from Moscow to Paris
  • primitive, about senses and enjoying life
  • hired by Sergey Shchukin to do huge painting
  • bought a lot from Picasso and Matisse
  • about dance and music

'Harmony in Red/la Desserte'

1908
  • makes colour dominant form in his painting
  • perspective and shape become decorative
  • no meaning or political, pure enjoyment
  • influenced by Arab and North African pattern
  • loves colour contrast

'Music'

1909 - 1910
  • no depth
  • influenced by uneducated art
  • Matisse collected African art
  • Picasso liked forms in African art, Matisse liked freedom of expression

'Harmony in Red/Red Studio'

1911
  • sold to London in 1926
  • sort of like collage
  • exaggerated colour purely for enjoyment

'Odalisque with Magnolias'

1923 - 1924

'Odalisque with Red Trousers'

1925
  • element of the exotic
  • meant to look like prostitutes in harems
  • sold to Americans
  • loved pattern

'Decorative Figure on an Ornamental Ground'

1925 - 1926
  • got costumes from Algeria and Ballet Russe costumes

'Sideboard'

1928
  • forced to change style by Wallstreet Crash
  • became very interested in fruit

'Pink Nude'

1935

-photographed every stage of production
-took 6 months
- lack of perspective, arrangement of shapes

'Luxe, Calme, et Volupte'

1940 - 1945
  • traditional subject matter
  • updated technique from Neo-Impressionist dots to dabs
  • beautiful, enjoyable, idyll

'Vence Chapel'

1947
  • completed at end of his life
  • coloured windows throw light on black and white outlines
  • last big project
  • 3 colours: blue, green, yellow
  • painted on tiles
  • stations of the cross

'Jazz'

1947
  • produced book
  • 250 books produced
  • loose, not bound
  • decorative cutouts
  • cost= $120

'Sorrows of The King'

1952

'We should always see life as we did in childhood'
- cutout looking work