American Lit Authors and Their Lives

Birth

1637

Born in England to John and Joan White

Salem

1639

Her family sailed to Salem

Marraige

1657

Married Joseph Rowlandson

Joseph

1661

Son Joseph is born

Mary

1665

Daughter Mary is born.

Sarah

1669

Daughter Sarah is born.

Captivity

1675 - 1677

Captive due to King Philip's War.

Widowed

November 24 1678

Husband, Joseph Rowlandson dies.

Remarried

August 6 1679

Remarries to Captain Samuel Talcott.

Widowed

1691

Widowed again.

Death

January 1711

Birth

January 2 1752

Born at Mount Pleasant to Pierre Freneau and Agnes Watson as the oldest of five.

Tennent's Church

1762

Went to school and studied under Reverend William Tennent of Tennent's Church. Thought that his first poem was written during his time here

Penlopen Latin School

February 1766

Studied under Reverend Alexander Mitchell.

Princeton College

1768

Admitted to Nassau Hall at Princeton College

Nautical Travels

1773 - 1775

Invited to Jamaica by planter Hanson learned the art of navigation and took well to it and became a ship master. He stayed in Jamaica for a while and spent time sailing between Carib and Delaware Bay.

Imprisionment

May 1778 - November 1779

Imprisioned by the British army for 18 months

Volume 1

1786

Published "The Poems of Philip Freneau." He became master of the brig "Washington"

Volume 2

1787

Published "A Journey from Philadelphia to New York."

Volume 3

1788

Published "The Miscellaneous Works of Mr. Phillip Freneau."

National Gazette

1789 - 1793

Editor of the National Gazette which was considered a "powerful political paper."

Marraige

1789

Married Helen Forman.

Volume 4

1796

Published "Poems Written Between the Years 1768 & 1794."

"Washington"

1802

Partnered with his brother Pierre and bought the brig "Washington" and sailed the Atlantic again.

Volume 5

1809

Published "Poems Written and Published During the American Revolutionary War."

Volume 6

1815

Published "A Collection of Poems Chiefly on American Affairs."

Mount Pleasant

1818

Mount Pleasant burned for a second time, taking many of Freneau's unpublished works down with it. After the fire Freneau lost his motivation to write.

Death

December 18 1832

Died walking home during a snowstorm. The fell, broke his hip and froze to death.

Birth

April 3 1783

Born to William Irving, Sr. and Sarah as one of eleven siblings. He was named after George Washington.

Washington Inauguration

1789

Attended the inauguration of President George Washington.

Traveling

1804 - 1806

Traveled in France and Italy.

Law School

1806

Passed Law School

Salamagundi Papers

1807 - 1808

Irving and his brother, James Kirke Paulding, wrote the Salamagundi Papers.

"A History of New York"

1809

First widely known work under the name of Diedrich Knickerbocker.

England

1815

Moved to England to work for his brother's business.

"The Sketch Book"

1819 - 1820

He published a collection of short stories and essays under the name of Geoffrey Crayon including "Rip Van Winkle" and "The Legend of Sleepy Hallow."

Europe

1822

Moved to continental Europe and lived in Germany and France

Spain

1826

Moved to Spain and became and attache at the U.S. Embassy.

London

1829 - 1832

He was the secretary of the US legislation in London

Spain

1842 - 1846

Returned to Spain as the US Ambassador.

Death

November 28 1859

James Fenimore Cooper

Birth

September 15 1789

Born to William and Elizabeth as the eleventh of twelve children.

Yale

1803 - 1805

Attended Yale College but was expelled after blowing up another student's door as a prank.

Navy

1806

Became a sailor and eventually a midshipman in the Navy.

Marriage

1811

Married Susan Augusta De Lancey.

"Precaution"

1820

Cooper wrote this book on a bet from his wife that he could not write something better than the book she was reading.

"The Pioneers"

1823

After moving to New York to pursue a career in writing he wrote "The Pioneers" introducing the first American novel and hero Natty Bumppo.

Europe

1826 - 1833

He sailed to Europe where he wrote the works "The Prairie" and "Notions of the Americans." He eventually moved back to America.

Writting

1838 - 1846

Even after facing a scandal, he continued to write including three more "Leatherstocking Tales" and works about the Navy.

Death

September 14 1851

Birth

July 4 1804

Born in Salem, MA to Nathanial Hathorne and Elizabeth Clark Manning Hathorne. The actions of his great-grandfather haunted him for most of his life. He even changed his name from Hathorne to Hawthorne in efforts to separate himself from his past.

Bowdoin College

August 1821 - September 7 1825

Hawthorne attended Bowdoin College where the curriculum focused on the classics and religion.

Marriage

July 9 1842

Married Sophia Peabody

Una

1844

First daughter Una is born.

Julian

1846

Son Julian is born.

Salem Custom House

1846 - June 1849

After moving back to Salem, Hawthorne was offered a position as Surveyor of the Port, but eventually lost that job due to a shift in political administrations.

Lenox

May 1850 - August 1850

Hawthorne moved to Lenox, MA after the death of his mother claiming that he no long had a reason to live in Salem.

Boston/ Concord

August 1850 - March 1853

After meeting Melville, the Hawthorne's lived in Boston and Concord.

Rose

1851

Daughter Rose is born.

Liverpool

March 1853 - October 1857

Hawthorne moved to Liverpool, England where he was appointed Consul by President Franklin Pierce.

France/Italy

1857 - 1859

After his appointment as Consul ended Hawthorne and his family moved to France and eventually to Italy where they spent time in Rome and Florence.

England

1859 - 1860

Moved to England where his work "The Marble Faun" was published.

Death

May 19 1864

He died in his sleep and is buried in Sleepy Hallow Cemetery at what is now known as Author's Ridge.

Edgar Allen Poe

Birth

January 19 1809

Born to two traveling actors who died soon after his birth, he never really knew his parents and so was raised by John and Frances Allen.

University of Virginia

1826

Poe went to the University of Virginia, but without the appropriate amount of funds, Poe turned to gambling to raise money, but only ended up in debt.

Marriage

1836

Married his 14-year-old cousin Virginia Clemm.

Philidelphia

1838

Moved to Philadelphia and wrote for magazines.

New York

1844

Moved to New York and got the city's attention with a hoax article about a balloon trip.

Widowed

1847

His wife died of tuberculous.

Death

October 7 1849

After being found in a bar and taken to a hospital, Poe died far from home and surrounded by strangers.

Birth

February 8 1850

Born in St. Louis to Eliza and Thomas O'Flaherty.

Sacred Heart Academy

1855

At 5 1/2 she attended The Sacred Heart Academy catholic boarding school for girls. Two months later, her father died in a train accident.

Marriage

1870

Marries Oscar Chopin and together they had 5 boys and 2 girls.

Widowed

1882

Oscar died of swamp fever.

St. Louis

1884

Moved back to St. Louis after the death of her husband to live with her mother.

"At Fault"

1890

Her first book "At Fault" was published.

"The Awakening"

1899

After her last book was published and poorly received she only wrote a few more short stories before her death.

Death

August 22 1904

Birth

October 31 1852

Born to Warren Wilkins and Eleanor Lothrop Wilkins.

Hanson Tyler

1873

Fell in love with Hanson Tyler, who did not return her feelings

Tyler House

1877

After the death of her sister Anna and her family's ever falling monetary status, the family moved into Hanson Tyler's parent's home with the understanding that her mother would work as a maid and her father would do lawn work.

"The Beggar King"

1880

After the death of her mother, Freeman and her father were forced to leave the Tyler house. She now had to support her and her father which was only made possible the her first paid publishing success with "The Beggar King"

"The Shadow Family"

1882

Won $50 for her first story for adults "The Shadow Family."

Marriage

January 1 1902

Married Dr. Charles Freeman.

Divorced

1922

Freeman got a legal separation from Charles.

William Dean Howells Medal

April 23 1926

Freeman won the William Dean Howells Medal for distinction in fiction.

Death

March 15 1930

Died of heart failure.

Birth

January 24 1862

Born Edith Newbold Jones to Lucretia Rhinelander Jones and George Frederic Jones,

Europe

1866 - 1870

Her family move to Europe and spent time in Italy, Spain, France, and Germany

Study

1873 - 1875

Studies French, German, and other topics from home.

Marriage

April 29 1885

Marries Edward (Teddy) Wharton.

Pulitzer Prize

1921

Wharton is the first women to win the Pulitzer Prize for her novel.

Widowed

February 7 1928

Teddy Wharton dies.

Death

August 11 1937

Wharton suffers from a heart attack, is hospitalized, and later has a stroke, a few days later she died.

Birth

April 22 1873

Born to an aristocratic Virginia family.

"The Descendant"

1897

Published her first book, "The Descendant" at age 24.

"The Deliverence"

1904

Published her book "The Deliverance"

"Virginia"

1913

Published her book "Virginia"

"Life and Gabriella"

1916

Published her book "Life and Gabriella"

"Barren Ground"

1925

Published her book "Barren Ground"

"The Romantic Comedians

1926

Published her book "The Romantic Comedians"

"The Stooped to Folly"

1929

Published her book "The Stooped to Folly"

"The Sheltered Life"

1932

Published her book "The Sheltered Life"

"In This Our Life"

1942

Published her book "In this Our Life" which she won the Pulitzer Prize for.

Death

November 21 1945

She died in her sleep due to a history of heart disease.

Birth

May 15 1890

Born Callie Russell Porter to Harrison and Alice Porter.

Marriage

1906 - 1915

Married to John Henry Koontz.

Mexico

1919 - 1921

Her time spent in Mexico gave her the inspiration for "Maria Conception" and "Flowering Judas"

Marriage

1926

Married to Ernest Stock but separates soon after.

Marriage

1928

Marries Albert Erskine, but he divorced her when he found out that she was twenty years older than him.

Marriage

1930 - 1938

Married to Eugene Pressley.

Library of Congress

1943 - 1945

She became the first Chair of Poetry at the Library of Congress

Teaching

1946 - 1954

Porter taught at Stanford and the University of Michigan.

Death

September 18 1980

Birth

September 24 1896

Born Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald to Edward Fitzgerald and Mary McQuillan.

Newman School

1911 - 1913

Attended Newman School, a Catholic preparatory school where he met Father Sigourney Fay who encouraged him to consider a future in writing.

Princeton University

1913 - 1917

Studied writing at Princeton until he dropped out to join the army.

Marriage

1920

Marries Zelda Sayre.

Frances

1921

Only daughter Frances Scott Fitzgerald is born.

France

1924 - 1931

Moved and lived in France where he wrote "The Great Gatsby"

"The Great Gatsby"

1925

Writes his most well known book "The Great Gatsby"

Death

December 21 1940

Died of a heart attack.

Birth

February 27 1902

Born to John Ernst and Olive Hamilton Steinbeck.

Stanford

1919 - 1925

Attended Stanford University to please his parents, but dropped out without a degree.

Marriage

1929

Married Carol.

"Grapes of Wrath"

1929

Wrote his best know novel the "Grapes of Wrath"

Pulitzer Prize

1940

Won the Pulitzer Prize for the "Grapes of Wrath"

Nobel Prize

1962

Won a Nobel Prize for Literature.

Death

December 20 1968

Died of heart disease.

Birth

May 6 1914

Born to Owen and Anna Campbell Jarrell.

Hume-Fogg High School

1927 - 1931

Attended Hume-Fogg High School.

Vanderbilt University

1932 - 1935

Attended Vanderbilt University and graduated with a Bachelor's of Art.

Marriage

1941

Married Mackie Langham.

"Blood for a Stranger"

1942

Published first book of poetry "Blood for a Stranger"

University of North Carolina

1947

Taught at the Women's College of the University of North Carolina.

Divorced

1951

Divorced Mackie.

Marriage

1952

Married Mary von Schrader

"Pictures from an Institution"

1954

Publishes his only novel "Pictures from an Institution"

Library of Congress

1956 - 1958

Jarrell becomes a Poetry Consultant and the Library of Congress.

Death

October 14 1965

He was hit by an automobile and died on site.

Birth

March 14 1946

Director of Strategy

1996 - 1999

Director of Strategy for the Office of National Drug Control Policy.

Office of Drug Control

1999 - 2006

Director of the Florida Office of Drug Control.

Department of Corrections

February 10 2006 - 04/30/2013

Secretary of the Florida Department of Corrections.

Birth

October 1 1946

Macalester College

1964 - 1968

Attended Macalester College and graduated with a BA in Political Science.

Vietnam

1969 - 1970

Served in the 3rd Platoon, A Corp, 5th Battalion 46th Infantry, as an infantry foot soldier.

Harvard

1970 - 1971

Spend some time at Harvard but left without a degree.

SWTSU

present

He is currently working as a visiting professor at Southwest Texas State University where he teaches the Creative Writing Program.

Birth

February 19 1952

Europe

1966 - 1970

Tan's family moved to Europe after the death of her father and older brother. She went to high school in Montreux, Switzerland.

College

1970 - 1980

Attended Linfield College, San Jose City College, San Jose State University, University of California at Santa Cruz, and University of California at Berkeley.

"The Joy Luck Club"

1989

Her first book the "Joy Luck Club" is published and is the longest running New York Times Bestseller for that year. It has also won the Los Angeles Times Book Award.

Marriage

1990

Some time around the 1990's Tan married Louis DeMattei.