The first imperial dynasty of China. The Qin Dynasty increased trade and improved agriculture and military security. They also introduced standardized currencies, weights, and measures. A better writing system was also introduced
The Great Wall of China is built east to west along the northern borders of China. It was built to protect the Chinese Empire from nomadic groups.
Founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, the Han Dynasty briefly interupted the Xin Dynasty. The empire was directly controlled by the government and was divided into sections. The Han Dynasty brought unique advances in science and technology.
Founded by Emperor Wen of Sui, the Sui Dynasty unified China for the first time after over a century of north-south division.
The Grand Canal is the longest canal in the world and links the Yangtze and the Yellow Rivers. The canal furthered a growing economic in China's urban centers and improved China's overall economy.
Founded by the Li family, the Tang Dynasty was briefly interupted by the Second Zhou Dynasy. The Tang Dynasty was considered a high point in China's history and had major advances in clock work and timekeeping.
The Song Dynasty was the first in the world to nationally issue banknotes. It was also the first Chinese government to establish a permanent navy, gunpowder, and was the first to accurately discover true north on a compass.
Marco Polo traveled further than any of his predecessors. He traveled the whole of China and lived to tell the tale.
Founded by Kublai Khan, the Yuan Dynasty was the first foreign Dynasty to rule all of China. A rich cultural diversity developed during the Yuan Dynasty.
The Ming Dynasty is described as one of the greatest eras of orderly government and social stability in human history. It had an army that exceeded one million troops and had the largest navy in the world.
Founded by Jurchen Aisin Gioro, the Qing Dynasty expanded beyond China's prior and later boundaries. There was prosperous cities and publishing industries, with a high emphasis on Confucian thought.
Chinese officials wished to end the spread of opium and confiscated it from British merchants. The British government objected to this seizure and used its military power to violently enforce redress.
The Taiping Rebellion was a massive civil war against the Qing Dynasty. At least 20 million people died, mainly civilians.
The Second Opium War started when 12 British crew members were arrested on suspicion of piracy by the Chinese government. This started a series of arguments between China and Britain.
The Sino-Japanese War was fought between China and Japan over control of Korea. The humiliating loss caused classical tradition in China to suffer a major loss.
The Hundred Day's Reform was an attempt to national, cultural, political and educational movements. It ended when powerful conservative opponents spoke against it.
The Boxer Rebellion was an uprising against opposing foreign imperialism and Christianity. Boxer fighters forced foreigners and Chinese Christians to seek refuge in the Legation Quarter.
The takeover represented an ideological split between Communism and Nationalism. Communist land reform policy promised poor peasants farmland from their landowners.
The Great Leap Forward was an economic and social campaign of the Communist Party. THey wanted to change into a modern communist society through rapid industrialization. It ended in tens of millions excessive deaths.
Troops with assault rifles and tanks tried to stop student led protests in Tiananmen Square. The resulting bloodshed was unprecedented in the history of Beijing.