Venezuela Timeline

Main

Becomes Country

1498 - 1499

Christopher Columbus visits Venezuela. Venezuela becomes a country.

Settlers

1509 - 1520

The Spanish settled in Nueva Granada (modern Columbia, Ecuador, Panama, Venezuela).

Spain and Venezuela

1811

Venezuela becomes first South American country to confirm independence with Spain.

Independence

1811

Act of independence signed

Earthquake

1812

Earthquake that destroys 90% of Caracas. About 20,000 died.

Presidents

1830 - 1835

José Antonio Páez

War

1859

The Federal War began in Venezuela.

Oil

1908 - 1935

Venezuela becomes world's largest exporter of oil.

Constitution

1961

A constitution was passed with 252 articles.

President Perez

1996

President Perez imprisoned after being found guilty of stealing money from government.

Money

1996

The International Monetary Fund signed a $1.4 billion loan to Venezuela.

1997

1997

The US and Venezuela signed agreement to allow government of both countries to board boats of each others boat's if suspected of carrying drugs.

Money

1998

Inter-American Development bank approved $400 million loan to help Venezuela adopt economic reforms

Economy

1999

The economic crises threw about 600,000 people left with no job and led to major increase in crime.

Hugo Chavez

2013

Hugo Chávez a Venezuelan politician dies of cancer.

Chavez Successor

3013

Chavez successor, Nicolas Maduro is elected new president after Hugo Chávez death.