Aulos piece played by Sacads wins musical competitian at Pythian games
Greek author. Wrote about music in "Harmonic Elements" ca 330 BCE.
Important greek astronomer and musical theorist.
Greek Philosopher. Important writing on music.
Ancient Greek thinkers felt music had close connections with astronomy and mathematics. Common instruments were the Aulos and Lyre. Music was improvised heterophony and closely connected to the melody and rhythm of poetry. Both Aristotle and Plato felt that music could affect behaviour and advocated studying the "right" kind of music.
Organum - greogrian chant with another part added to the cantus firmus -- parallel organum or contrary organum