Colonies and their beginnings

How the colonies were founded and some other stuff

Commercial then Royal Colonies

Jamestown Founded

1607

Run originally by John Smith, not a very nice place to live (starving time) and was pretty much a failure, until...

De La Warr's Arrival

May 1610

New bodies and supplies, along with a new governor (who was harsher and more organised). Arrives with sucessor Thomas Dale (who hands out land)

Headrights Introduced

1618

Incentivise actually working, rather than doing the bare minimum

House of Burgesses first convenes

1619

Is this like a real government, for real?

Opechancanough raid

1622

Kills many and convinces the Virginia Co. to give up

Virginia Co. Collapse

1624

As a result of the aforementioned problems. The king takes Jamestown over and declares it a royal colony

Berkeley's Rule

1642 - 1677

Autocrat

Indian Uprising

1644

Suppressed by Berkeley, got him popularity

Bacon's Rebellion

1676

Religious Colonies (New England)

Boring, rocky and barren. Not many people, only religious nuts no-one likes goes there

Plymouth Founded/Found with Mayflower

21 December 1620

John Smith and other Seperatists got permission (controversial) from the King to do their thing in America so ended up in Plymouth. Very English and loyal to the King

Mass. Bay (Boston) Founed

1630

John Winthrop

Connecticut Founded

1639

Thomas Hooker did so, another religious thing

Rhode Island

1644

Roger Williams is the most extremely liberal of the group, even allows Jews

Proprietary Colonies

Granted by the throne and run privately. Therefore more interference and more regulation than commercial but less than religious.

Maryland Charter Granted

1632

To Cecilius Calvert, a Catholic aristocrat

St Mary's Founded

March 1634

Friendly, laid-back Indians

Maryland Civil War

1655

Proddy vs Papists

Carolina

1663

New York

1664

More laid back and international than other colonies

New Jersey

1664

Fundamental Constitution of Carolina

1669

Locke's stuff

Pennsylvania

1681

William Penn named it for his father. Actually kinda a religious colony too (Quakers). Very international, especially German.