Jon Hin Tijo discovers that a human being has 46 chromosomes.
Meselson and Stahl proved that DNA replication is Semi-Conservative. What this means is that each DNA is one new strand and one old strand.
What that means is that RNA copies the DNA segments from the nucleus and brings them to the cytoplasm to be made into proteins.
Nirenberg, Khorana, and Ochoa figured out the genetic code.
Recombinant DNA is DNA that is created from two different organisms to make sequences that wouldn't occur normally. They are known as Chimeric DNA.
PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) is a technique used to make copies of a single gene. PCR is the (not really) process that involves heating up DNA so the two strands separate and grow back into two seperate strands of DNA, which recreates the process that happens in Mitosis
Genome projects are begun. The yeast genome is complete in 1996, and the C. elegans genome is done in 1998.
Amniocentesis is the technique to test embryos for genetic abnormalities.
FlavrSavr tomatoes, which are genetically engineered so that they have a longer shelf life are marketed and sold.
After 277 failed attempts, Dolly the Sheep is born.
In reality only around 99% of the genome has been mapped. The last 1% is impossible to map without advances in technology.