Untitled timeline

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Marijuana Tax Act

1937

Applies controls over marijuana similar to narcotics

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act

1938

FDA given control over drug safety, Drugs redefined: effect body even in absence of disease, Establishes class of drugs available by Prescription (Company determines status)

Opium Poppy Control Act

1942

Prohibits growing poppy w/o license

Boggs Amendment to the Harrison Narcotic Act

1951

Mandatory sentences for narcotic violations

Durham-Humphrey Amendment

1951

Established more specific guidelines for prescription drugs: habit forming, safety, and evaluation of new drugs

Narcotics Control Act

1956

Intends to impose even more severe penalties for narcotics violations

Drug Abuse Control Amendments

1965

Strict controls over amphetamines, barbiturates, LSD, etc.

Narcotic Addict Rehabilitation Act

1966

Allows treatment as an alternative to jail

DACA Amendments

1968

Provides that sentence may be suspended and record expunged if no further violations within 1 year

Comprehensive Drug Abuse and Control Act

1970

Replaces and updates all previous laws concerning narcotics and other dangerous drugs. Emphasis on law enforcement.

Drug Abuse Office and Treatment Act

1972

Establishes federally funded programs for prevention and treatment

Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration

1973

Consolidates NIMH, NIDA, and NIAAA under umbrella organization

Heroin Trafficking Act

1973

Increases penalties for distribution

Methadone Control Act

1973

Regulates methadone licensing

Drug Enforcement Administration

1973

Remodels Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs into DEA