Major Events in China's History from 1644- 1992

1644- 1992

Imperialism in China

1644

Rulers of the Qing dynasty had refused to adopt western ways.

The Opium War and the Treaty of Nanjing

1700

British merchants began to trade Opium in China.

The Opium War and the Treaty of Nanjing

1839

The British fought with China in a conflict called the Opium War. This caused Great Britain's industrial strength which led to a quick victory.

The Opium War and the Treaty of Nanjing

1842

Great Britain forced China to agree to harsh terms of the Treaty of Nanjing.

The Taiping Rebellion

1850 - 1864

Chinese peasants, angry at their poverty and at corrupt Qing officials, rose up in revolt.

The Boxer Rebellion

1900

Boxers assaulted foreign communities in China in a conflict known as the Boxer Rebellion.

Sun Yixian and the Chinese Revolution

1910

Chinese nationalism blossomed. Many reformers called for a new government Sun Yixian, also called Sun Yat- sen, led the movement to replace the Qing dynasty.

Communist Rise to Power

1920

Jiang began to strike at the Communist Party.

Rival Groups in China

1925

After the death of Sun Yixian, an army officer named Jiang Jieshi took over the Kuomintang Jiang's government, supported by middle class businessmen, did very little to help the lower class.

Mao Zedong

1930

Mao Zedong became leader of the Communist Party.

Mao Zedong

1934

Mao Zedong fled with 100,000 of his followers in a retreat known as the Long March,

Mao Zedong

1949

Mao Zedong's Communists were victors.

Communism Under Mao Zedong

1949

The Communists set up the People's Republic of China

The Great Leap Foward

1958

Mao Zedong launched a program called the Great Leaped Forward. It was used to increase agriculture and industrial output. He also created communes.

The Cultural Revolution

1966

Mao Zedong launched the Cultural Revolution to renew people's royalty to communism and establish a more equitable society.

United States Recognition

1971

China won admission to the United Nations

United States Recognition

1972

President Nixon visited Mao in Beijing.

Communism Under Xiaoping

1976

Mao died and Deng Xiaoping took control.

United States Recognition

1979

The U.S. recognized the People's Republic of China.

Tiananmen Square

May 1989

Demonstrators in Beijing occupied Tiananmen Square, demanding more rights and freedoms.

Tiananmen Square

1990

Efforts were made to force China to end human rights violation.