Major Events in China's History from 1644- 1992

1644- 1992

Imperialism in China


Rulers of the Qing dynasty had refused to adopt western ways.

The Opium War and the Treaty of Nanjing


British merchants began to trade Opium in China.

The Opium War and the Treaty of Nanjing


The British fought with China in a conflict called the Opium War. This caused Great Britain's industrial strength which led to a quick victory.

The Opium War and the Treaty of Nanjing


Great Britain forced China to agree to harsh terms of the Treaty of Nanjing.

The Taiping Rebellion

1850 - 1864

Chinese peasants, angry at their poverty and at corrupt Qing officials, rose up in revolt.

The Boxer Rebellion


Boxers assaulted foreign communities in China in a conflict known as the Boxer Rebellion.

Sun Yixian and the Chinese Revolution


Chinese nationalism blossomed. Many reformers called for a new government Sun Yixian, also called Sun Yat- sen, led the movement to replace the Qing dynasty.

Communist Rise to Power


Jiang began to strike at the Communist Party.

Rival Groups in China


After the death of Sun Yixian, an army officer named Jiang Jieshi took over the Kuomintang Jiang's government, supported by middle class businessmen, did very little to help the lower class.

Mao Zedong


Mao Zedong became leader of the Communist Party.

Mao Zedong


Mao Zedong fled with 100,000 of his followers in a retreat known as the Long March,

Mao Zedong


Mao Zedong's Communists were victors.

Communism Under Mao Zedong


The Communists set up the People's Republic of China

The Great Leap Foward


Mao Zedong launched a program called the Great Leaped Forward. It was used to increase agriculture and industrial output. He also created communes.

The Cultural Revolution


Mao Zedong launched the Cultural Revolution to renew people's royalty to communism and establish a more equitable society.

United States Recognition


China won admission to the United Nations

United States Recognition


President Nixon visited Mao in Beijing.

Communism Under Xiaoping


Mao died and Deng Xiaoping took control.

United States Recognition


The U.S. recognized the People's Republic of China.

Tiananmen Square

May 1989

Demonstrators in Beijing occupied Tiananmen Square, demanding more rights and freedoms.

Tiananmen Square


Efforts were made to force China to end human rights violation.