Rulers of the Qing dynasty had refused to adopt western ways.
British merchants began to trade Opium in China.
The British fought with China in a conflict called the Opium War. This caused Great Britain's industrial strength which led to a quick victory.
Great Britain forced China to agree to harsh terms of the Treaty of Nanjing.
Chinese peasants, angry at their poverty and at corrupt Qing officials, rose up in revolt.
Boxers assaulted foreign communities in China in a conflict known as the Boxer Rebellion.
Chinese nationalism blossomed. Many reformers called for a new government Sun Yixian, also called Sun Yat- sen, led the movement to replace the Qing dynasty.
Jiang began to strike at the Communist Party.
After the death of Sun Yixian, an army officer named Jiang Jieshi took over the Kuomintang Jiang's government, supported by middle class businessmen, did very little to help the lower class.
Mao Zedong became leader of the Communist Party.
Mao Zedong fled with 100,000 of his followers in a retreat known as the Long March,
The Communists set up the People's Republic of China
Mao Zedong's Communists were victors.
Mao Zedong launched a program called the Great Leaped Forward. It was used to increase agriculture and industrial output. He also created communes.
Mao Zedong launched the Cultural Revolution to renew people's royalty to communism and establish a more equitable society.
China won admission to the United Nations
President Nixon visited Mao in Beijing.
Mao died and Deng Xiaoping took control.
The U.S. recognized the People's Republic of China.
Demonstrators in Beijing occupied Tiananmen Square, demanding more rights and freedoms.
Efforts were made to force China to end human rights violation.