The 60s

1944-1976 Britain

International/Britain's place in the world

WW2

1939 - 04/07/1945

War with Japan ends

08/15/1945

Atomic Bomb for Britain

10/04/1952

Britain successfully explodes it's first atomic bomb

Suez Crisis

1956

reveals Britain's limited world status

OPEC raises price of oil

1973

Prime Ministers

Clement Atlee

07/01/1945 - 10/01/1951

Labour

Winston Churchill

10/02/1951 - 04/01/1955

Conservative

Eden

04/02/1955 - 1957

Anthony Eden - Conservatives

Harold Macmillan

1957 - 1963

replaces Eden as Conservative Prime Minister

Home

1963 - 1964

Harold Wilson

1964 - 1970

Edward Heath

1970 - 1974

Harold Wilson

1974 - 1976

James Callaghan

1976 - 1979

Margaret Thatcher

1979 - 1990

Political

British Nationality Act

1948

permits free entry into Britain for all Commonwealth citizens

Labour government re-elected

02/02/1950

Labour Party split over NHS charges

1951

Aneurin Bevan resigns from the Labour cabinet over the introduction of charges in the NHS. The Labour party is split over the issue.

Queen Elizabeth ll

02/06/1952

King George Vl dies; accession of Elizabeth ll

General Election

05/01/1955

Conservatives Win

Conservatives re-elected

1957

CND

1958

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) is founded.
First march, 'London to Aldermaston'

Notting Hill Riots

1958

Race riots break out in London

Race Relations Act

1965

aims to reduce discrimination and the Race Relations Board is set up

Labour re-elected

1966

Commonwealth Immigrants Act

1968

aims to exclude Kenyan Asians

Industrial Relations Act

1971

Gives the government broad powers of intervention in industrial disputes but is widely opposed by trade unions

Immigration Act

1971

Restricted immigration to those with at least 1 grandparent born in the UK. Effectively end non-white immigration.

Heath calls general election

02/02/1974

The miners strike begins. Labour forms a minority government under Harold Wilson

General election

10/01/1974

The labour party gains a majority and forms a government.

Wilson resigns

1976

Economic

Nationalisation of Coal Industry begins

1947

Nationalisation of Iron and Steel Industry

1951

Iron and Steel industries are denationalised

1953

Motorway

1958

First 8 mile stretch of motorway opens

Britain tries to get into EEC

1961

Britain begins negotiations for membership of European Economic Community (EEC)

EEC entry refused

1963

Devaluation

1967

The £ is devalued from $2.80 to $2.40

Re-applies for EEC

1967

Britain applies for membership of the EEC a second time. The application is vetoed by France (they think Britain and America would join together and take it over).

Decimalisation of currency

1971

From shilling to pounds

Large-scale powercuts

1972

State of emergency due to miners strikes

EEC

1973

Britain becomes a member!

Workers ban overtime

1973

Miners, power workers and railway workers ban overtime. A 3-day working week is introduced from the end of December because of power shortages

Miners strike ends

03/01/1974

And 3-day strike ends too

EEC

1975

Referendum gives clear majority for staying in EEC

Social

Butler Act

1944

Grammar, Secondary Technical or Secondary Modern schools based on 11+ exam.

Family Allowances Act

1945

introduces child benefits to parents

New Towns Act

1946

designates areas where new towns are to be built under development corporations (government bodies)

National Insurance Act

1946

National Insurance Act, National Health Service Act and National Assistance Act help create a welfare state 'from the cradle to the grave'

School Leaving Age Raised

1947

to 15

National Health Service

1948

National Health Service, National Insurance and National Assistance are implemented

End of food rationing

1954

Opening of Kidbrooke School

1954

First purpose-built comprehensive school

ITV

1955

a second (and 1st independent, commercial) television channel, is launched

'Look Back In Anger'

1956

John Osborne's play symbolises the attack of the 'angry young men' on the Establishment

'Never had it so good'

1957

Macmillan's speech

Compulsory National Service Ends

1960

More freedom for youngsters

The Beatles has 3 #1 hits

1963

BBC2 launched

1964

Mini-skirt

1964

the mini-skirt arrives on the cat walk

Biba opens

1964

Babara Hulanicki opened Biba Boutique in Kensington

Circular 10/65

1965

encourages local education authorities to reorganise secondary schooling on comprehensive lines

Death penalty abolished

1965

Colour TV

1966

Abortion Act

1967

legalises the termination of pregnancy

Radio 1 for pop

1967

Radio One is launched as a channel for popular music

Family Planning Act

1967

allows local halth authorities to provide a family planning service. And the pill became available for single women.

Sexual Offences Act

1967

legalised homosexuality in private between consenting males over 21

Divorce Reform Act

1969

made it easier for women (and men) in unhappy marriages to divorce

Women's Liberation Movement

1970

1st national conference takes place

Cosmo magazine

1972

First published

School leaving age raised to 16

1973

Sex Discrimination Act

1975

Brings equal pay act into force. LAW. establishes the equalopportunities commission.