Western Civilization I timeline 2

Europe

Concil of Clermont Deus Vult

11/27/1095

Urban II rally Europe to take back the Holy Land.

The Crusades (1st)

1096 - 1099

Anitoch, Jerusalem, Edessa, and Tripoli is claimed.
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Peter the Hermit raises peasant army

3/1096

Peter's army is ambushed and killed fall of that year.

The Crusades (3rd)

1189 - 1192

Philip Augustus
Frederick Barbarossa
Richard Lionheart

The Crusades (4th)

1202 - 1204

Pope Innocent III wants Jerusalem.

Siege of Zara

11/1202

Catholic on Catholic crime.

Pope excommunicates all aggressors.

Crusaders sack Constantinople

4/1204

City burns for 3 days.

Temujin declared Genghis durring Kuriltai at Kafakorum

1206

Unites all mongol tribes, and starts training Calvary.

The Mongol army is unstopable

1206 - 1241

Mongol conquests
1206-1218 China
1219 central Asia/Persia
1222, 1237-1240 Russia
4/9/1241 Poland and their Teutonic Knights at Leignitz
4/11/1241 Hungry at Mohi
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Albigensian Crusade

1209 - 1255

The Pope's war on heresy.

Teutonic Knights take Prussia

1241

25 Teutonic Knights, with 1000+ reinforcements put down the Prussian threat.
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Ogedei dies, Europe is saved

1241

A new Khan must be elected in Karakorum.

Nevsky defeats Teutonic Knights at Battle of the Ice

1242

Władysław the Elbow-high unites Poland

1320

The Teutonic Knights had little trouble with the non-collaborative tribes, this marks a turning point.

Great Schism excommunicates Eurpoe

1378 - 1417

Urban VI vs. Clement VII
Each excommunicated each other and their followers.

Władysław II defeats the Teutonic Knights Battle of Tannenberg

7/15/1410

Teutonic Knights suffer heavy losses:
~200 knights
~40,000 soilders
1 Grand Master
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Concil of Constantine choose Martin V

1417

Ottoman siege Constantinople

1453

R.I.P. Roman Empire.
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Ivan III the Great stare down the mongols at Ugra river

1480

Russia is no longer under Mongol rule.

John Calvin creates Institutes of Christian Religion

1536

Gustavus Adolphus, "Lion of the North", "Father of Modrn Warfare" dies at Lutzen

1632

30 years war

Peace of Westphalia ends 80 years & 30 years war

10/1648

German

Otto the Great crushes the Maygar at the battle of Lechfeld

955

Otto crowned Holy Roman Emperor by John XII

961

Death of Barbarbossa

6/10/1190

Barbarossa drowns.
German army goes home
3rd Crusade.

Statutum in Favorem Principum

1232

Lots of Powers given to German Princes

Golden Bull - rules of the electors

1356

Gutenberg creates the printing press

1440

Explosion of knowledge.

95 Thesis - Luthor questions church practices

10/31/1517

Edict of Worms - Luthor branded as enemy of the state

5/1521

Peace of Ausburg - Cuius regio, eius religio

1555

French

Hugh Capet the starts Capetian Dynasty

987

Louis V Carolingian dies without an heir.

Château Gaillard falls, Angevin Empire Shattered, Phillip II expands territories

3/1204

Temporary alliances with Lionheart, then with Lackland proved effective.

The Hundred Years War

1327 - 1453

French vs. English

Jacquerie, the Peasants uprise

1359

French peasants revolt while John is held by the English.

John II the "Good" dies in captivity

1364

John was captured at Poitier in September of 1356, and held for ransom.

Joan of Arc turns the tides for France

1412 - 1431

At 16, angels told her to aid Charles.
In 1429, though wounded, secures victory over English.
In 1430 was captured at Compiègne.
In 1431, tried for Heresy
May 30, 1431, burned at stake

Leonardo Da Vinci, epitome of the Renaissance Man

1452 - 1519

Painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist, and writer

Henry II dies in jousting accident - predicted by Nostradamus

1559

Massacre of Vassy - Duke of Guise kills Huguenots in church

4/1562

St. Bartholomew's Day massacre 5000~10000 killed

8/24/1572 - 8/27/1572

War of the 3 Henrys (Henry III&I kill each other Navarre wins)

1585 - 1589

Henry III of France (King)
Henry of Navarre (Huguenots)
Henry I, Duke of Guise ( Catholic)

Henry IV converts to Catholic and is loved by all of France

1593

"Paris is well worth a Mass"

France defeats Spain at Rocroi, Spain loses land power

1643

30 years war

Spanish

Magellan circumnavigates the globe

1519 - 1522

Magellan dies in the Philippines in 1521, and his crew completes the journey.

Phillip II crowned HRE and has no tolerance for Calvinism

1555

80 years war

Council of Troubles led by Duke of Alba convicts 1000's of heresy

8/1567

Death or imprisonment without due process.
80 years war

English

William the Conqueror defeats Harlod for the crown of England

10/14/1066

Magna Carta signed by Lackland

6/15/1215

The King are no longer above the law.

Battle of Crécy, crossbows are no match for longbows

1346

English "peasants" defeat French Knights.

The Black Death forces a short truce in The Hundred Years War

1348

~200,000,000 deaths.
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Colombus finds the Bahamas

1492