Urban II rally Europe to take back the Holy Land.
Anitoch, Jerusalem, Edessa, and Tripoli is claimed.
Peter's army is ambushed and killed fall of that year.
Pope Innocent III wants Jerusalem.
Catholic on Catholic crime.
Pope excommunicates all aggressors.
City burns for 3 days.
Unites all mongol tribes, and starts training Calvary.
1219 central Asia/Persia
1222, 1237-1240 Russia
4/9/1241 Poland and their Teutonic Knights at Leignitz
4/11/1241 Hungry at Mohi
The Pope's war on heresy.
A new Khan must be elected in Karakorum.
25 Teutonic Knights, with 1000+ reinforcements put down the Prussian threat.
The Teutonic Knights had little trouble with the non-collaborative tribes, this marks a turning point.
Urban VI vs. Clement VII
Each excommunicated each other and their followers.
Teutonic Knights suffer heavy losses:
1 Grand Master
R.I.P. Roman Empire.
Russia is no longer under Mongol rule.
30 years war
German army goes home
Lots of Powers given to German Princes
Explosion of knowledge.
Louis V Carolingian dies without an heir.
Temporary alliances with Lionheart, then with Lackland proved effective.
French vs. English
French peasants revolt while John is held by the English.
John was captured at Poitier in September of 1356, and held for ransom.
At 16, angels told her to aid Charles.
In 1429, though wounded, secures victory over English.
In 1430 was captured at Compiègne.
In 1431, tried for Heresy
May 30, 1431, burned at stake
Painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist, and writer
Henry III of France (King)
Henry of Navarre (Huguenots)
Henry I, Duke of Guise ( Catholic)
"Paris is well worth a Mass"
Magellan dies in the Philippines in 1521, and his crew completes the journey.
80 years war
Death or imprisonment without due process.
80 years war
The King are no longer above the law.
English "peasants" defeat French Knights.