20th Cent Europe

Main

Decolonization

1945 - 1975

UN recognizes Israel

1948

Berlin Crisis

1948 - 1949

Marshall Plan

1948

Europe Economic boom

1950 - 1969

Korean War

1950 - 1953

European Coal and Steal Community (ECSC) started

1951

Vietnam War

1954 - 1975

Warsaw Pact

1955

sputnik

1955

Imre Nagy declares Hungary free nation

1956

Soviets take over same year

Khrushchev condemns Stalin

1956

Russian Standard of living increases

1956 - 1965

Suez Crisis

1956

EURATOM (European research in nuclear energy)

1957

EEC (common market, free trade within Europe)

1957

Treaty of Rome made EEC

1957

Fidel Castro overthrew the Cuban dictator

1959

made a pro-soviet regime

U2 incident

1960

soviets shot down U2 spy mission over Russian territory. Destroyed chances of progress at Four Power Paris Summit same year.

Berlin Wall built

1961

Bay of Pigs

1961

Americans use CIA trained Cuban exiles to attempt a coup but failed.

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

Soviets increased flow of weapons to Cuba

Brezhnev introduces stalinization

1964

Willy Brandt brings Detente to West Germany (Ostopolitik)

1970

Economic downturn

1970 - 1979

SALT I

1972

reduction in nuclear weapons. part of detente. by Nixon

European Community (EC)

1973

Helsinki Accords

1975

33 nations agree to use Detente. recognition of postwar borders. protection of human rights. finally resolution to WW2

SALT II

1979

Carter and Breznev agree to new deal. But Americans back out of this deal when USSR invades Afghanistan

Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan

1979

SDI by Reagan

1983

increased defense spending to put pressure on SOviets and protect america

Gorbachev establishes glasnost

1985

policy of opennes that ushered new age of revolutiona and reform

INF

1987

signed by Reagan and Gorbachev to ban certain nuclear weapons

Collapse of communist regime: Poland Czech, Romania, Yugoslavia

1989

Berlin Wall taken down

1989

Collapse of Communist regimes in East Germany, Hungary, Albania, Bulgaria

1990

Elections in East Germany where Christian Democrats won

1990

Unification of German economies

1990

East Germany politically disolved with West

1990

Paris Accord, Cold War ends

1990

New Germany recognzed
Cold War ends

Lithuania is first to declare independence

1990

Gorb doesn't repress Lithuanians

Fall of Soviet Union

1991

all republics had become independent

1991

Treaty of Maastricht

1991

agreement in EU for set financial and cultural standards for future members, one currency, common defense and foreign politicies development

Breakup of Yugoslavia

1991

SLoveniz, Croatia

Bosnian War

1992 - 1995

Bosnian Serbs opposed Bosnia's declaration of independence and started war against new gov. Croatia supported Bosnian who wanted to be independent. Most devastating conflict in Europe since WW2

Czech ethnic tensions solved through split

1993

EU

1993

NATO intervened on side of Bosnians

1995

Bosnian genocide by Serbs

1995

muslims slaughtered by Serbian military forces

Communist party returns to several countries

1995

Yeltsin institutes shock therapy to speed economic growth, but fails

1996

acctually fails, inflation, decline in production

Alganians in Kosovo region of Yugoslavia demand independence

1998

NATO bombs Yugoslavia

1999

because Yugoslav killed million Albanians in Kosovo. This is caused Yugoslavia to withdraw from Kosovo

European Union includes many Eastern European states

2004

Treaty of Lisbon ratified by EU

2009

create polticial unity

Russian Rulers

Stalin

1941 - 1953

Krushev

1958 - 1964

Breznev

1964 - 1982

Gorbachov

1985 - 1991

Yelstin (president)

1991 - 1999

Putin (authoritarian rule)

2000 - 2013

American leaders

FD Roosevelt

1933 - 1945

Truman

1945 - 1953

Eisenhower

1953 - 1961

JFK

1961 - 1963

LBJ (Johnson)

1963 - 1969

Nixon

1969 - 1974

Ford

1974 - 1977

Carter

1977 - 1981

Reagan

1981 - 1989

Bush

1989 - 1993

Clinton

1993 - 2001

Culture

Postwar art and lit

1945 - 1990

Happenings: action painting

1960 - 1969

Age of Rock

1967 - 1973

Land Art, architect (traditional + modern) photorealism (painting looks real

1970 - 1979

age of punk rock

1976 - 1979

MTV: rap and hip hop

1980 - 1989

Economy and Society

Simone Beauvoir - Second Sex

1949

Economic porsperity

1950 - 1969

Counter Culture

1960 - 1969

Second Vatican Council: response to declining church attendance

1962 - 1965

Betty Friedan

1963

Paris Spring by students

1968

Prague Spring, Czech, Dupcek but crush by Warsaw Pact led 2 Brez Doctrine

1968

Feminist movement

1970 - 1979

Environmentalism

1970 - 1979

Stagflation hits USSR

1975 - 1985

Solidarity in Poland, achieved Gdansk Agreements (more freedoms)

1979 - 1981