Overthrow of the Monarchy & Establishment of the Republic
First Secession of the Plebs
Sack of Rome by the Senones
(may have been 387 BC)
Creation of Triumviri Capitales
1st Punic War
267 BC - 241 BC
C. Flamininus- Land Bill
Land Bill opposed, passed by violence, senate raised an army to suppress him- short civil war.
2nd Punic War
218 BC - 201 BC
M. Postumius (Tax Farmer) trial
Dishonest tax farmer on trial, proceedings broken up by fellow tax farmers (only example of trial broken up by violence before Late Republic)
Magistrates with Imperium no longer allowed to beat Roman citizens without trail before the people.
Suppression of the Bacchanalia
A. Claudius Pulcher
Consul 185 presiding over elections for following year, got his brother Publius elected by violence at election.
Destruction of Carthage & Corinth
Carthage destroyed by Scipio Aemilianus, brother-in-law of Gracchi & grandson (by adoption) of Scipio Africanus.
Elected Tribune, bypassed senate, demoted Octavius because of his veto, passed Land Bill setting up Land Commission, wanted to run again following year, violence breaks out, Scipio Nasica leads senators to brawl- Kill Tiberius
Death of Scipio Aemilianus
Mob angry with Scipio for reducing Land Commission, composing a speech for the next day when found dead- accusations fly! Cornilia & Sempronia? No state funeral, people happy (compare to death of Sertorius)
C. Gracchus' 1st Tribunate
Gracchus elected Tribune, passes some laws Leges Sempronia (e.g. Magistrates with Imperium no longer allowed to kill citizens without trial) stands down but gets elected again through popularity.
Pompey & Cicero Born
C. Fabius Hadrianus
Cruel governor of Africa (Marian) house surrounded and burnt down by mob of probably Roman citizens living abroad- killed with all occupants. Occentatio (see Lintott)
Trial of Manilius
Consuls Torquatus & Cotta asked by senate to oversee trial and given bodyguards for their protection
Death of Clodius & Trial of Milo
Clodius killed by Milo in random fight. Clodius' body brought back to Rome and cremated in Senate House- burns down. Pompey given sole consulship, troops brought in to restore order, Milo exiled, goes to Masillia, Clodius' men all prosecuted.
January 10th- Caesar illegally crossed the Rubicon, starting the civil war