Ancient tools used for hunting have been found in a cave that dates back to 9,000 BC
Artifacts have been found in the coastal provinces of Chilca and Paracas and in the highland province of Callejon de Huaylas from some of the first civilizations in Peru.
Irrigation canals were used in the Zana Valley as a more efficient way to water crops.
Agriculture is integrated into early Peruvian's everyday life styles.
Caral, the first known city in the Americas, was built in the Supe Valley.
An observatory was built and used to discover the seasonal changes for agricultural purposes.
A temple was built in the Lambayeque region with painted murals.
Powerful civilizations begin to show signs of being more organized and united.
The Paracas Culture emerges on the southern part of Peru's coast.
The Moche produced very fine metal work and some of the most amazing pottery.
The Nazca were known for their textiles and the Nazca lines. The Nazca lines are perfectly strait lines and symbols scraped in the desert sand.
The Inca Empire was the largest pre-Columbian era empire.
Small pox swept across the Inca Empire killing many including the Inca leader and many heirs to the throne.
The Spanish landed in Peru.
Francisco Pizarro and his brothers were attracted to Peru by the rumors of the power and wealth of the Inca Empire.
Spain resettled the city of Cuzco and claimed it as their own.
Spain established Lima as the capital of the colony.
Pizarro was assassinated by a rival faction fighting for control over the colonial government.
The Viceroyalty of Peru was established.
Peru becomes an independent state on July 28, 1821.
Peru had disputes over borders with neighboring countries.
Peru was controlled by it's military instead of a president.
Fernando Belaunde Terry was elected as president of Peru.
Alberto Fujimori was elected into office.
Ollanto Humala was elected president.