The Vietnam War: From Indochinese Independence to the Fall of Saigon

Vietnam War

Japanese Surrender, Ending World War 2

August 1945

Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam an independent republic

September 1945

The French return with 50,000 men to restore colonial rule in Indochina

December 1945

The Viet Minh have around 100,000 troops, against the same number of French

1950

Battle of Dien Bien Phu. 10,000 French troops surrender.

April 1954

End of the First Indochina War. Withdrawal of French forces from Vietnam

August 1954

Buddhist demonstations in Hue. Nine killed by police.

May 1961

Thich Quang Duc, a Buddhist monk , self-immolates himself in Saigon

Jun 1963

Diem is overthrown and executed during a coup

November 1 1963 - November 2 1963

16,000 US troops in Vietnam

November 1963

410,000 US Troops in Vietnam

January 1968

Tet Offensive.

January 1968 - September 1968

My Lai Massacre

March 1968

Policy of 'Vietnamisation' is announced

January 1969

The last US forces leave Vietnam

March 1973

North Vietnam invades the South

March 1975 - April 1975

The Fall of Saigon. End of the war.

April 30 1975

Phases

French Intervention/ First Indochina War

1945 - 1954

John F Kennedy

January 1961 - November 1963

Lyndon B. Johnson

November 1963 - January 1969

Richard Nixon

January 1969 - August 1974