History of Biology III

Final

Evolution Before Darwin & Darwin

English Enlightenment

1700 - 1800

Broadened Scientific Interests
Increase technology

Erasmus Darwin

1731 - 1802

Lamark

1744 - 1829

Patrick Matthew

1790 - 1894

Zoonomia - Erasmus Darwin

1796

Theory of evolution involving inheritance of acquired characteristics and descent from one common ancestor ('one living filament')

William Paley - Natural Theology

1802

Zoology book inference of divine guidance and design.

Charles Darwin

1809 - 1882

Lamark - Zoological Philosophy & Natural History of Invertabrates

1809 - 1815

Two causes of evolution proposed
1. Sloshing fluid model
2. use and disuse

Lamark - Analytical System of Positive Knowledge About Man

1820

Book changes order of importance of 2 causes of evolution
1. use and disuse
2. sloshing fluid model

Matthew - On Naval Timber and Aboriculture

1831

Describes natural selection by common descent in the appendix.

Malthus- Essay on Population

1838

What would happen with limited resources with a growing human population: war, starvation or sin (birth control)

Robert Chambers - Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation

1844

Evolution of life occurs due to general Law of Development of the universe.

Alfred Russel Wallace Outline

1858

"On the Tendency of Varieties to Depart Indefinitely from the Original Type" Brief outline of evolution by natural selection and sent to Darwin

Darwin - The Origin of Species

1859

1st convincing case for the reality of evolutionary change, outlined a mechanism for this evolutionary change. Natural selection.

Louis Pasture disprove spontaneous generation of micoorganisms

1862

Heiredity

Gregor Mendel

1822 - 1884

Hugo de Vries

1848 - 1935

William Bateson

1861 - 1926

Carl Correns

1864 - 1935

Thomas Hunt Morgan

1866 - 1945

Mendel published paper

1866

Reults of pea hybridization experiments. Went unappreciated, generalizability of results not understood.

Erik von Tschermak

1871 - 1962

de Vries - 15 plant species

1900

Correns - propagandize Medel's importance

1900

Theodosius Dobzhansky

1900 - 1975

Natural variation in Drosphila, regional and seasonal variation in inherited traits

de Vries -Mutation Theory

1901 - 1903

Three volumes, saltationism- evolution by large jumps

Hardy & Weinberg

1908

Population approach to Mendelian genetics

Modern Synthesis

1920 - 1940

Soviet Biology/Genetics

1920 - 1939

Excelled at study of genetic variation in natural populations and agricultural genetics