Civil Rights

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Brown Vs. Board of Education

1952 - 1954

in Topeka, Kansas, a young black girl was forced to cross treacherous train tracks to get to the all black school across the tracks but there was an all white school not too far from her house

Emmett Till, killed

1955

Emmett Louis Till was an African-American boy who was murdered in Mississippi at the age of 14 after reportedly flirting with a white woman.

Rosa Parks

December 1, 1955

She was tired from a hard days' work and didn't want to get up for the white man to sit down on the bus

Montgomery Bus Boycott

December 1, 1955 - December 20, 1956

It stared with one women, and it took over 381 days for the buses to desegregate themselves

The Little Rock 9

September 25, 1957

9 brave colored students broke the barrier of segregation they did what no one dared to do....they went to the school that was once all white

1960 Greensboro Sit-in

February 1 1960 - July 1960

The Greenboro Sit-Ins of 1960 provoked all manner of emotions when they occurred and they remain an important part of civil rights history. Accepting and taking to the limit Martin Luther King’s idea of non-violence and peaceful protests, the sit-ins provoked the type of reaction the Civil Rights movement wanted - public condemnation of the treatment of those involved but also continuing to highlight the issue of desegregation in the South. The sit-ins started in 1960 at Greensboro, North Carolina.

Freedom Riders

May 4, 1961 - September 1961

Freedom Riders were civil rights activists that rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States to test the United States Supreme Court decision Boynton v. Virginia (of 1960).

Marten Luther King Arrested

April 12 1963 - April 23 1963

a nonviolent protest demonstrating against segregation in Birmingham Alabama. Police Commissioner Eugene "Bull" Connor arrested King for demonstrating without a permit and placed him in the Birmingham City Jail for 11 days.

The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom

August 28 1963

1963 was noted for racial unrest and civil rights demonstrations. Nationwide outrage was sparked by media coverage of police actions in Birmingham, Alabama, where attack dogs and fire hoses were turned against protestors, many of whom were in their early teens or younger.

Civil Rights Act of 1964

February 1964 - June 19, 1964

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was a landmark piece of civil rights legislation in the United States that outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and also women.

Freedom Summer

June 1964

Freedom Summer was a campaign in the United States launched in June 1964 to attempt to register as many African American voters as possible in Mississippi, which had historically excluded most blacks from voting.

Civil Right Workers Killed

June 21 1964 - October 20 1967

The Mississippi Civil Rights Workers Murders involve the lynching of James Earl Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael "Mickey" Schwerner by white Mississippians during the American Civil Rights Movement.

Malcolm X assassinated

February 21, 1965

In New York City, Malcolm X, an African American nationalist and religious leader, is assassinated by rival Black Muslims while addressing his Organization of Afro-American Unity at the Audubon Ballroom in Washington Heights.

Selma Campaign

March 25 1965 - March 30 1965

Martin Luther King led thousands of nonviolent demonstrators to the steps of the capitol in Montgomery, Alabama, after a 5-day, 54-mile march from Selma, Alabama, where local African Americans, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) had been campaigning for voting rights.

Voting Rights Act of 1965

August 5, 1965

The Voting Rights Act of 1965 is a landmark piece of national legislation in the United States that outlawed discriminatory voting practices that had been responsible for the widespread disenfranchisement of African Americans in the U.S.

Watts Riot

August 11 1965 - August 17 1965

The Watts Riots took place in the Watts neighborhood of Los Angeles

Black Power Coined

1966

Carmichael and several other disgruntled SNCC leaders broke away from the SNCC and co-authored the book Black Power to promote Malcolm X’s message.

Black Panthers

1966

Formed in California, they played a short but important part in the civil rights movement. The Black Panthers believed that the non-violent campaign of Martin Luther King had failed and any promised changes to their lifestyle via the 'traditional' civil rights movement, would take too long to be implemented or simply not introduced.

MLK's Assassination

April 4 1968

civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was hit by a sniper's bullet. King had been standing on the balcony in front of his room at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee, when, without warning, he was shot. The .30-caliber rifle bullet entered King's right cheek, traveled through his neck, and finally stopped at his shoulder blade. King was immediately taken to a nearby hospital but was pronounced dead at 7:05 p.m.

Riots in over 100 cities

April 6 1968

Race riots in cities all over the US

Twelve thousand troops in the nation's capital were called on to help protect fire fighters tackling at least eight blazes started by rioters.

The Civil Rights Act of 1968

April 11 1968

landmark piece of legislation in the United States that provided for equal housing opportunities regardless of race, creed, or national origin. The Act was signed into law during the King assassination riots by President Lyndon B. Johnson, who had previously signed the Civil Rights Act and Voting Rights Act into law.